India-Bangladesh Current Affairs - 2019
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In a first ever movement of its kind, IWAI (Inland Waterways Authority of India) ship carrying Bhutanese cargo was flagged off from Dhubri in Assam to Narayanganj in Bangladesh over Brahmaputra River and the Indo Bangladesh Protocol Route.
The cargo carrying stone from Bhutan to be delivered in Bangladesh was digitally flagged-off by Mansukh Mandaviya, Minister of State for Shipping (Independent Charge) and Chemical & Fertilizers.
Background: Until now, Bhutan has been exporting significant quantity of stone aggregates to Bangladesh via land route by trucks from Phuentsholing in Bhutan which is 160 KMs from IWAI’s Dhubri jetty in Assam. This new route development is in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of promoting cargo transportation via inland waterways.
Iwai Ship carries 1000 MT of stones aggregates i.e. about 70 trucks would be required to transport the same cargo by road. In return journey of the vessel Bangladesh will send jute and rice to Bhutan in same vessel.
This move will strengthen relations between the neighbouring countries thus will be beneficial to all countries involved i.e. India, Bhutan and Bangladesh.
The transport of cargo via this route will reduce travel time by 8 to 10 days, and will cut down transportation cost by 30%, bringing down logistics costs.
It will also be more environment friendly mode of transport.
Other than strengthening India’s ties with its neighbouring countries, this new development will also open up an alternate route to country’s North Eastern states, making it easier and cheaper to reach goods to these places from other parts of the country.
Dredging undertaken along Ship route:
Capital dredging was carried out to maintain an assured draft in navigation channel
Maintenance dredging will be carried out as and when required
Importance: This is for the 1st time ever, an Indian waterway is being used for transport of cargo between two countries, using India for transit.
Steps Taken by Government for promoting Inland Waterways
Currently, at least 10 other National Waterways are under development.
Centre government is also undertaking many initiatives to increase use of Inland Waterways and Coastal Shipping for greater cargo shipment such as providing assured depth of water in channels, terminals at regular intervals, navigation aids (ex- GPS and River Information System), facilities for mechanized handling of cargo handling etc.
At major ports of country a minimum 40 % discount and priority in berthing is being given to coastal vessels.
Central Government has also provided Licensing relaxations under section 406 and 407 of Merchant Shipping Act 1958 for fisheries/animal husbandry products/fertilizers/horticultural/agricultural products/empty containers as well as containers being transshipped from another Indian port, special vessels such as Ro-Ro (Roll-on/roll-off), Ro-Pax (roll-on/roll-off passenger), Project cargo/ Over Dimensional Cargo (ODC).
Tags: Bhutan-Bangladesh • Brahmaputra River • Dhubri • India-Bangladesh • India-Bhutan • Indo Bangladesh Protocol Route • Inland Waterways • Inland Waterways Authority of India • Iwai Ship • Merchant Shipping Act 1958
A batch Bangladeshi civil servant will be trained at the National Centre for Good Governance (NCGG), Mussoorie in Uttarakhand for a period between 2019-2025. NCGG is an institute under Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG).
Background: This training is based on a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed in February 2019 between National Centre for Good Governance (NCGG) and Ministry of Public Administration, Government of Bangladesh, in this regard during 5th meeting of the India-Bangladesh Joint Consultative Commission (JCC). This is 2nd time that NCGG has signed an MOU for a training programme for Bangladesh civil servants. Under the 1st MOU signed 5 years ago, 1,500 Bangladesh civil servants were trained by NCGG.
Training Areas: public policy and implementation, e- governance and service delivery, information technology (IT), decentralization, ethics in Administration, urban development and planning and challenges in implementation of sustainable development goals (SDGs).
The training batch will consist of a total of 1800 Bangladeshi mid-career civil servants.
The 1st batch consisting of 30 civil servants leaving for a two-week long training programme at Mussoorie have already paid a visit to Indian High Commission in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
This collaboration represents a historic milestone in training and capacity building programmes between India and Bangladesh.
Such trainings provide an opportunity to share experiences of administration between civil servants of two countries and help in establishing strong bilateral relations.
Since the thrust of civil services has now moved towards development activities rather than administration therefore civil servants of India and Bangladesh knowing each other would help foster deeper ties between two countries.
Tags: Bangladeshi Civil Servants • Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances. • India-Bangladesh • India-Bangladesh Joint Consultative Commission • Memorandum of Understanding • National Centre for Good Governance