India-Bhutan Current Affairs - 2020

India-Bhutan open new trade route

On July 16, 2020, India and Bhutan opened a new trade route between Jaigon in West Bengal and Pasakha in Bhutan.


The land route will help to move industrial raw materials and goods destined for Pasakha Industrial Estate. The route will help boost trade and commerce and will lead to decongestion of vehicular traffic.

Bhutan is India’s closest partner.

The China Factor

India had recently proposed to build road in Yeti territory of Bhutan which China claimed recently. The road will also help India access Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh quickly. The road will reduce distance between Guwahati and Tawang by 150 kilometres

China claims Tawang to gain absolute control over Tibet.

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary

In June 2020, China tried to block funding of Sakteng wildlife sanctuary at the United Nations Development Programme-global Environment Facility Council. The sanctuary is located in eastern Bhutan. According to China, the sanctuary was part of disputed territory.

Union Cabinet approved MoUs signed between India and Bhutan

On June 3, 2020, the Union Cabinet chaired by PM Modi approved the Memorandum of Understanding signed between India and Bhutan. The agreement between the countries was signed to improve cooperation in the field of environment.


The agreement will help to promote long term cooperation between India and Bhutan. Also, it will help to protect and manage natural resources based on reciprocity, equity and mutual benefits. The countries according to the agreement also agreed to extend their cooperation in the field of air waste, climate change and chemical management.

The agreement signed stay effective for a period of 10 years. It encourages private companies, organizations, government institutions in Bhutan and India to establish cooperation activities.

About the Agreement

The agreement was signed between the National Environment Commission of Bhutan and Central Pollution Control Board operating under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in 2013. The countries agreed to continue their cooperation in the field of environment.