India-China Current Affairs - 2020

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India deploys INS Vikramaditya amidst Sea Guardians-The China-Pakistan naval drill

On January 6, 2020, China and Pakistan had launched a naval drill in North Arabian Sea called the Sea Guardians. The aim of the drill is to increase inter-operability between the two navies. On January 10, 2020, India deployed its INS Vikramaditya in North Arabian Sea where the exercise is being held.

Highlights

China and Pakistan launched a nine-day mega naval exercise. The Exercise Sea Guardians is taking place when there are heightened tensions between India and Pakistan over Kashmir issue.

Significance of deployment of INS VIkramaditya

In September 2019, Indian Navy drove out a Chinese PLA in India’s Exclusive Economic Zone and warned that such activities will be dealt sternly. Also, China has been increasing its presence in the region lately. China has built a naval base in Djibouti in Horn of Africa from where Arabian Sea provides entry to Indian Ocean. Also, China is developing Pakistan’s Gwadar port, thereby increasing its presence in North Arabian Sea.

Therefore, it is essential for India to give signals to its neighbours that it is cautiously watching their activities. Also,India wants to make sure the maritime delimitation is well maintained.

Why INS Vikramaditya?

Apart from all other ships, INS Vikramaditya is one of the top-rated aircraft carriers globally. It was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 2013. It is about 284 metres long, 60 m high. It has a total of 22 decks. It can carry 30 aircrafts that includes Chetak helicopter, MiG 29K, Kamov 28, ALH-Dhruv, etc.

Gujarat to import water soluble fertilizers from China

The Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation (GAIC) will import water-soluble fertilizers from China. So far, the state agency has imported 300 tonnes.

Highlights

The GAIC agency will import, pack and sell the water-soluble fertilizers to farmers. The new fertilizers have been named AGRO. These fertilizers are best suited for precision agriculture. As Gujarat has a good land area under drip irrigation, the fertilizers are being distributed at the right time. Gujarat has the maximum land under drip irrigation of all the states in the country.

The fertilizers are to be used to produce fruits and vegetables that will match global standards. The step will also aid in achieving GoI’s target of doubling farmer’s income by 2022.

Precision Agriculture

Precision agriculture is the farming management concept that uses inputs such as pesticides, nutrients, water and seeds in a strategic way. In other words, the inputs are used at minimal amount to get maximum output.

GAIC

GAIC acts as a catalyst in implementing government schemes to boost agro products. The Ministry of Agriculture has appointed GAIC as the nodal agency to implement its schemes in the state of Gujarat.

It works to reduce agro product wastage, increase farmers’ returns, enhance productivity of crops, accelerates demand based agricultural production.