India-China Current Affairs - 2020

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Protected Area Permits stopped in Arunachal to prevent Corona Virus

With the number of infections raising in India to 34, the Ministry of Home Affairs recently stopped issuing Protected Area Permits (PAPs) in Arunachal Pradesh.

Highlights

The step is being taken as it was learnt that the number of Corona Virus cases are increasing in India mainly because of persons with travel history. The GoI has also plans to close India-Myanmar border.

Protected Area Permits

The Protected Area Permits in India are in parts of Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Arunachal Pradesh. Currently, only touristic visit is allowed through Protected Areas limits in India. Even a person from these protected areas who is married to a non-Indian cannot settle permanently in these areas.

Legislation

The Foreign (Protected Areas) Order 1958 has guidelines about using the Protected areas and issuing Protected Area Permit.

The protected areas are governed by Ministry of Home Affairs. The tourists shall visit these areas only through registered travel agents. The citizens allowed to visit the protected areas include those from Bangladesh, Pakistan, China, Myanmar.

Restricted Area Permit

Like Protected Areas there are certain regions called Restricted Areas in the country. The usage and permits of these areas are provided in the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) order, 1963. The Restricted Areas in India are in the parts of Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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GoI: 5th Meeting of Task Force of Active Pharmaceuticals Ingredients discuss Corona Virus

On February 18, 2020, the Ministry of Shipping and Chemical Fertilizers held the fifth meeting of Task Force. The Task Force discussed small, medium and large API units.

Highlights

The Ministry discussed on the availability of medicines and drugs to control the impacts of Corona Virus. The Task Force also discussed and ensured that there shall be no shortage of drugs, medicines and APIs in India.

What is API?

API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient) are ingredients that are biologically active. Every drug is made of two core components. One is the API and the other is the Excipient. The Excipients are the ingredients that keep the drug stable for long term.

Currently India is dependent on China in importing APIs. Around Rs 12,255 crores of APIs were imported from China in the year 2016-17. On the other hand, 80% of the raw materials for these drugs are sourced from India.

Significance

Recently the prices of paracetamol, a common analgesic has jumped by 40% in India. The prices of other antibiotics have also risen by 70%. This is mainly due to the outbreak of Corona Virus. Therefore, it is important for the GoI to control these scenarios. The task forces assist the GoI in these situations to report and control them.

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