India-China Current Affairs - 2020

National Employment Policy

The Ministry of Labour is to fast track the National Employment Policy. The main idea of framing the National Employment Policy is to lay out a roadmap that will provide incentives for employment generation.

Highlights

The policy will aim at absorbing additional 5 million workforce every year. Also, the policy will focus on formalizing 500 million workforce in the country. It will also ensure social security and job security for them.

The policy will frame a road map to provide incentives for employment generation. Also, the policy will focus on the challenges thrown by the COVID-19 crisis.

Objectives

The National Employment Policy is to be framed focusing on twin objectives as follows

  • To attract new enterprises and industries to generate employment opportunities
  • To improve the skill set of existing work force and make them employable. This will also help in India gearing up to attract companies from China to set up manufacturing units in India.

India-China clash at Galwan Valley

A violent clash broke out between the Indian and Chinese soldiers recently in the Galwan Valley of Ladakh region. Around 20 Indian soldiers were killed in the face-off.

Highlights

The loss of 20 Army personnel on the Line of Actual Control is considered as the most violent face off between Indian Army and the Chinese troops in more than 5 decades.

What is the issue?

The Armies of India and China are currently engaged in standoff in Galwan valley, Pangong Tso, Demchok and Daulat Beg Oldie in Ladakh.

The stand off between the countries has increased in recent weeks as India is building a strategic road through the Galwan valley that is close to China. The road connects the region to an airstrip. This improves military access of India to the region.

External Affairs Minister

The External Affairs Minister of India Shri S Jai Shankar held a telephonic conversation with his counterpart Wang Yi. The minister has conveyed the protest of the Indian Government over the stand-off in strongest terms.

Background

The stand-off in the Galwan area was one of the biggest flashpoints in the 1962 war. China till date opposes to Indian constitutional provisions in the area. India, in 2019, abrogated Article 370 of the Constitution ending the special status to Jammu and Kashmir. China was one of the handful of countries that condemned the move. China even tried to raise the issue in the international forum including United Nations Security Council.