India China informal summit Current Affairs - 2020

PM Modi – President Xi Informal Summit

On October 11, 2019, the Chinese President Xi Jing Ping arrived at the Chennai airport along with 90 delegations for a 2 day long informal summit. His welcome ceremony was grand and was organized by the Tamil Nadu Government in a traditional way. Ahead of the summit 2,000 children wore Xi Jing Ping masks on their faces and created formations of “Welcome” in Mandarin. The leaders held a 2 and half hour talks over lunch.

About the Summit

The ancient town Mahabalipuram where the summit happened had a colorful change over. The town was decorated in a traditional way with fruits, vegetableas and banana trees.

There are archaeological evidences that proved that the ancient sea port had trade links with the Chinese even before 1000s of years ago. PM Modi guided President Xi around the iconic monuments in the town from the Pallava era.

Trade and Terrorism were the major discussion between the leaders

Highlights of the summit

  • The leaders discussed about India’s concerns over RCEP
  • the leaders also discussed about global trading system, regional and global issues
  • The unilateral liberalization of e – TV for Chinese nations will enhance people – to – people exchanges between the countries. This will also encourage Chinese tourists to choose India as a tourist destination
  • The leaders have agreed to promote and exchange mutual learning among the countries
  • The Chinese President urges to take the 70th anniversary of their diplomatic relations next year to conduct broader and deeper cultural people to people exchanges
  • The trade deficit between India and China was in China’s favor around 57 billion USD last year. China agreed to tackle the deficit.
  • The Kashmir issue was not discussed during the talk between the leaders.
  • A new Trade and Defence mechanism was also a part of the discussions.
  • India will relax e – Visa provisions for Chinese citizens.

Modi – Xi informal summit town Mamallapuram – Traded with China 2000 years ago

While the Pallavas sea port Mamallapuram is getting a historic fillip for India – China meet next week, archaeological evidences show that trade links between them existed since ancient times. The Land of Dragon (China) traded silk, pots with the ancient sea port Mamallapuram 2000 years ago.


  • The Celadon ware (pottery) that were recovered from the eastern coast of Tamil Nadu belonged to first and second centuries. They give clues to Chinese maritime activities.
  • Along with Mamallapuram, the Kancheepuram district in Tamil Nadu also had links with China. Chinese coins dating to the same period were found here
  • The ancient poems “Pattinapalai” that was written in Sangam period (1st to 6th century BC) cites anchorage of Chinese ships in the east coast of Tamil Nadu.
  • The Chinese text Han Annals written in the same period as that of Sangam period has reference with the Tamil country.
  • Emperor Wei (185 – 149 BC) has sent gifts to the rulers of Tamil Nadu.