India China informal summit Current Affairs - 2020

Indian Army begins its first mountain combat exercise ‘Him Vijay’ in Arunachal Pradesh

The Indian army will begin its first ever mountain combat on October 7. The exercise is to test the mobility, coordination and communication of the troops in difficult terrain. The exercise is to be conducted in two phases.

Highlights of the exercise

  • The first phase will be held between October 7 and October 10, 2019. The second phase will be held between October 20 and October 24, 2019.
  • The exercise will include threes battle groups, each comprising of 4,000 soldiers. This is the largest military exercise in the history of Indian defense. The exercise includes mountain assault and air assault as well.
  • The exercise is done more than 100 km in the Indian Territory from the Line of Actual Control
  • The army helicopters and air force are to transfer the troops and equipment at the terrain up to 15,000 feet.

Significance of the exercise

The exercise is important for the validation of the Integrated Battle Group (IBG) that was newly raised with new operational concepts. The IBG was established to meet the modern warfare considering the military progress of the enemy threats.

IBG – Integrated Battle Group

IBG was created in 2018. It was created for quicker and formidable launch of attack on enemy. There are about 5 to 6 IBG units. The configuration of the unit depends on the aim the forces require to achieve at that point of time and also depends on the operational terrain.

The Combat arms of the IBG namely armored, Infantry, Artillery, mechanized infantry will be trained together at one place. Based on the terrain desert, mountain or plains the intelligence team of engineers, signal support, communication support, supply will be integrated.


The exercise is to be conducted almost on the same timeline of Chinese President Xi Kingping arrival to India between October 11 and 13. He is to attend a second informal meeting with the Indian PM Modi at Mamallpuram, Tamil Nadu.

India and China share boundary of 3,488 km. Of which, 1126 km lies between Tibet and Arunachal Pradesh. The exercise is to be conducted at a distance of 100 km from the Line of Actual Control in the Indian Territory.

Each troop holds more than 4,000 soldiers. The protocol requires that if either sideline of Actual Control, it shall not be targeted against the other side.

Modi – Xi Second Informal Summit in Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu

The Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jingping would be visiting Mamallpuram, Tamil Nadu for the second edition of informal summit between India and China.

The shore temple at the town is to get world class illumination for the summit.


The Tamil Nadu Government has approached the Madras High Court to seek permission to erect digital banner to welcome the leaders. The state was compelled to take the move in view of the death of 23 – year old Technocrat Miss Subashree who was killed by an illegally erected banner.


The place is also known as Seven Pagodas or Mahabalipuram. Marco Polo and other Europeans named it Seven Pagodas. It is believed that 6 more temples stood along with the lone standing shore temple. Hence the name Seven Pagodas. The 2004 Tsunami exposed an old collapsed temple built of granite and was a part of Seven Pagodas.

It is a historic town and was a seaport in the 1st millennium. It was declared as UNESCO World Heritage site. The famous monuments in the town include temples in the form of chariots, giant open rock sculpture, cave sanctuaries, Descent of the Ganges and a Shore temple

Shore Temple

The temple overlooks Bay of Bengal. It was built during the Pallava dynasty. It is a cave temple. Lord Vishnu shrine is placed between two shrines of Lord Shiva. The structures have multi – storied pyramidal superstructures typical of the Dravidian style.

The leaders are to meet in the temple. They will have a pradhakshan (a walk around the temple) and hold talks in a bench that is to be installed facing the temple.

Descent of the Ganges

It is a monument at Mamallapuram. It is an open – air relief carved on two monolithic rocks. The monument depicts the story of descent of the sacred river Ganges to the earth from heavens. It also portrays Arjuna’s penance. The monument was sculpted in the period of Pallavas.

Wuhan summit

The first informal meet between the leaders was held at Wuhan, China in April 2018. The leaders exchanged views on issues of bilateral and global importance. The simultaneous emergence of India and China as two large economies has implications in regional and global significance. The summit was to address the imbalances created in the process. They agree that proper management of the bilateral relationship will be conducive for the development of the region. They also discussed about terrorism, disaster risk reduction, combating diseases, addressing climate change, etc.