India-Germany Current Affairs - 2019
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India and Germany have singed Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) on skill development, which will provide dual vocational education and training to Indian youth. It was signed between Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and Indo-German Chamber of Commerce (IGCC).
This MoA focuses on the field of dual vocational education and training and skill development of Indian youth. Under it, students who complete specific training courses in India will get certificate that is recognised in India and also in Germany. It will these students to apply for jobs in companies in India and also in Germany. Joint body called German Indian Institute of Vocational Education and Training (GIIVET) that has been set up will look after this programme.
The idea of MoA was first mooted during interaction between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chancellor Angela Merkel in 2015.It was later spelled out by Joint Working Group. Since then, IGCC and MSDE have hammered out details to prepare this MoA.
Germany has announced to provide soft loan of euro 120 million (Rs. 990 crore approximately) to India to strengthen sewage water treatment infrastructure in Uttarakhand in an effort to clean River Ganga under Clean Ganga Mission. German development agency GIZ also has prepared ‘Ganga Box’ aimed to target schools-going children and inform them about the river.
The proceeds from this soft loan will be used for project focusing on extension and replacement of sewerage system (around 360 kilometres) including complete house connection, construction of sewage treatment plants (STPs) of around 15 million litres per day (mld). The purpose of project is to reduce inflow of untreated waste water in River Ganga and, thus, to improve the water quality of the river. This project also includes construction of 13 sewage pumping stations.
Ganga book has been prepared on lines of ‘Danube Book’ when cleaning of European river was undertaken. This book will have information mythological, socio-cultural, economic importance about river and suggestions to avoid pollution, like not dumping plastic in water body. Its aim is to bring behavioural change of people towards Ganga River. Ganga book project has been piloted in government schools in Uttarakhand and it will be replicated in other states.