India imports Current Affairs - 2020

India: The Second Largest Manufacturer of PPE in the world

On May 21, 2020, India became the second largest producer of Personal Protective Equipment in the world. China is the leading producer of PPE in the world.

Highlights

The Ministry of Textiles has been taking several measures to maintain the quality of PPE alongside manufacturing.

Background

Initially India faced several challenges in increasing quality PPE products. This includes importing machines from China and also increasing prices. Apart from these, there were delay in imports and non-availability of domestic manufacturers.

The above reasons made India turn indigenous in PPE production. This increased the production of PPE.

It is to be noted that the Textiles Committee recently launched the Synthetic Blood Penetration Testing Equipment. This will help increase PPE testing potential of the country.

Potential of India

India is now producing 2.06 lakh PPE kits every day. This is the maximum capacity of the country. On an average, India produces 1 lakh kits. A PPE kit consists of shoe cover, gloves, eye shield, mask and gown. The data was provided by the Ministry of Health.

In January 2020, India had 2.75 lakh PPE kits and they were then being imported. Today India has more than 15.96 lakh PPE kits as stock buffer.

CSIR develops Personal Protective Coverall Suit

On April 18, 2020, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) developed Personal Protective Cover all suit. The suit has been produced with polypropylene spun multilayered non-woven fabric.

Highlights

The Polypropylene spun suit can be used to ensure safety of doctors, paramedical staff, health care workers and nurses. The CSIR-NAL is to produce 30,000 suits per day. The main benefit of the suit is that it is competitive in prices as compared to other suits that are being imported.

Need

It is to be noted that China sent 1,70,000 Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) kits. Of these around 50,000 failed to pass safety tests conducted by DRDO. In order to avoid these situations, it is important to boost PPE manufactured in locally.

India is currently importing PPE from Singapore, China. India has also banned the export of PPE to avoid shortage of PPE kits in the country.