India-Japan Current Affairs - 2020

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Sahyog-Kaijin-India-Japan joint exercise for Coast Guards

On January 16, 2020, India and Japan took part in a joint exercise called “Sahyog-Kaijin”. The exercise was held between the coastal guards of the countries at Chennai Port.


The Japanese ship Ehigo and 4 ships of Indian Coast Guard participated in the exercise. The coast guards conducted the scenario of capture of a hijacked ship and rescue of crew in a joint operation. They also demonstrated search and rescue operations and displayed their fire-fighting skills.

The exercise was conducted based on the agreement signed by the Coast Guards of the countries in 2006.


The exercise is important for the countries to handle piracy in the Indian Ocean region. Also, both the countries being part of the Quad grouping, it is important for them to refresh their skills, learning from each other and stay connected to ease operations at sea.

Other exercises

Apart from Coastal Guard Exercises, Indian and Japan hold other military exercises as well. The “Shinyuu Maitri”is the joint Air Force Exercise that was held in October 2019 for the first time.

The India-Japan Maritime Exercise called JIMEX was conducted in 2013 for the first time. It focuses on maritime security cooperation.

Dharma Guardian is the military exercise that is conducted between the armies of the countries.

India Japan hold 5th round of maritime dialogue

On December 26, 2019, India and Japan held the 5th round of maritime affairs Dialogue in Tokyo. The countries agreed to deepen their maritime cooperation during the dialogue. Alongside, the countries also held their 8th round of bilateral consultations on disarmament and non-proliferation. The countries agreed to deepen their mutual interests in maritime affairs.

India-Japan Defence relations

  • The first round of India-Japan Maritime dialogue was held in New Delhi in 2013.
  • The countries have signed Acquisition and Cross Serving Agreement that allows access to each other’s military bases. Through this ageement, India is now able to access Japan base in Djibouti and Japanese Navy are able to access Indian Naval base in Andaman and Nicobar islands.
  • The countries also hold JIMEX (Japan-India Maritime Exercise), that is conducted annually.
  • India and Japan also hold 2+2 defence dialogue. Apart from the US, Japan is the only country with which India holds such defence dialogue. The first such dialogue with Japan was held in New Delhi in November 2019.


India and Japan have convergent interests in maritime security. The countries depend on sea-borne trade to sustain their economies. Therefore, it is essential to work together on the security of trade. Regarding the disputes in South-China Sea both the countries have affirmed that a peaceful means of unilateral action is required in the region.