India-Myanmar Current Affairs - 2020

Protected Area Permits stopped in Arunachal to prevent Corona Virus

With the number of infections raising in India to 34, the Ministry of Home Affairs recently stopped issuing Protected Area Permits (PAPs) in Arunachal Pradesh.

Highlights

The step is being taken as it was learnt that the number of Corona Virus cases are increasing in India mainly because of persons with travel history. The GoI has also plans to close India-Myanmar border.

Protected Area Permits

The Protected Area Permits in India are in parts of Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Arunachal Pradesh. Currently, only touristic visit is allowed through Protected Areas limits in India. Even a person from these protected areas who is married to a non-Indian cannot settle permanently in these areas.

Legislation

The Foreign (Protected Areas) Order 1958 has guidelines about using the Protected areas and issuing Protected Area Permit.

The protected areas are governed by Ministry of Home Affairs. The tourists shall visit these areas only through registered travel agents. The citizens allowed to visit the protected areas include those from Bangladesh, Pakistan, China, Myanmar.

Restricted Area Permit

Like Protected Areas there are certain regions called Restricted Areas in the country. The usage and permits of these areas are provided in the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) order, 1963. The Restricted Areas in India are in the parts of Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Myanmar President Visits India: India-Myanmar sign 10 MoUs

On February 27, 2020, the Myanmar President U Win Myint visited India. During his visit, India and Myanmar signed 10 MoUs in different sectors.

Highlights

The leaders signed agreements on Repatriation and Re-integration of Victims of trafficking, Quick Impact Projects, Development of Rakhine State, etc. They also signed Memorandum of Understandings on construction of schools, roads, water supply systems and solar power systems.

Rakhine State

The Rakhine State of Myanmar is the region of ongoing conflict between buddhist community and Rohingya community. The Conflict began during world war II. During World War II, the Rohingya Muslims fought along side British against the Rakhine Buddhists in return of a separate Muslim state.

The current Myanmar Government is facing international condemnation including the United Nations. And is hence finding ways to develop the region. The agreement aims to help Myanmar develop the state of Rakhine.

It is to be noted that India has joined hands with the Myanmar Government in building Sitwe port and the port is situated in the state of Rakhine. The port is also a part of the Kaladan Multi Model Transit Project.