India-Myanmar Current Affairs - 2020

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IMCOR: 8th Indo-Myanmar Coordinated Patrol Begins

The 2019 Indo-Myanmar coordinated patrol (IMCOR) is taking place from 20 May to 28 May 2019. This is the 8th edition of coordinated patrol (CORPAT) between India and Myanmar.

Key Highlights

Objective: The coordinated patrol (CORPAT) initiative between the Indian Navy and Myanmar Navy seeks to address issues of terrorism, human trafficking, poaching, illegal fishing, drug trafficking and other illegal activities harmful to interest of both nations.

Background: The CORPAT series was first started in Mar 2013. Since then it has fostered improved professional interaction and enhanced mutual understanding between the two navies for maritime interoperability.

IMCOR 2019

  • Time: The Indo-Myanmar coordinated patrol IMCOR will be conducted from 20 May 2019 to 28 May 2019.
  • For the ‘Opening Ceremony’ of 2019 edition, Myanmar Navy Ship namely UMS King TabinShweHtee (773) and UMS Inlay (OPV-54) arrived on 20 May 2019 in Port Blair at Andaman and Nicobar Command.
  • Naval Participants: It will be undertaken by Myanmar ships viz. UMS Inlay and UMS King TabinShweHtee with Indian Naval Ship, INS Saryu.

Exercise Undertakes:

  • The patrolling effort by participants will be augmented by Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) from both the navies.
  • The ships deployed would patrol along International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) between the two countries thus, covering a distance of about 725 Kms over a period of four days.
  • During the sea phase of coordinated patrol (CORPAT), prior to ‘Closing Ceremony’ of CORPAT onboard Myanmar Naval Ship, the deployed ships will also undertake joint drills and maneuvers.

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Operation Sunrise

India has carried out Operation Sunrise to wipe out the insurgent camps planning to hit the Indian workers at the Kaladan Transit project. The Operation was reportedly carried between mid-February to early March.

Operation Sunrise

  • Operation Sunrise was a joint operation carried out by both Indian and Myanmar armies. During the operation, at least 10 camps of an insurgent group in neighbouring Myanmar were attacked.
  • The Indian Army did not cross into the Myanmar side but there was a massive mobilisation along the border, on the Mizoram side.
  • Indian side supported Operation Sunrise by providing surveillance equipment and deploying additional troops on the Indian side.
  • The target of the Operation Sunrise was the Arakan Army, an insurgent group trained by the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) which is reportedly trained by China.

India had carried out a similar operation in 2017 which had inflicted heavy casualties on the insurgent National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) group during the retaliatory fire along the India-Myanmar border.

Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project

Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project aims to connect seaport of Kolkata (India) with Sittwe seaport in Myanmar by sea. The project links Sittwe seaport to Lashio in Myanmar via Kaladan river through boat route and then from Lashio to Mizoram in India by road transport.

The project would reduce the distance from Kolkata to Mizoram by approximately 1000 km and thereby cut travelling time to 3-4 days for transport of goods together with providing an alternative to current route from North East to Kolkata port via chicken neck which faces heavy traffic and transportation of cargo via this route takes many days to reach port.

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