India-Nepal Current Affairs - 2020

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India to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees for construction of schools in Nepal

On March 16, 2020, India signed Memorandum of Understanding with Nepal for construction of new schools in the country. Under the MoU, India is to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees.

Highlights

India as an initial step of the agreement handed over a cheque of 8 lakh rupees (INR). The India-Nepal Development Partnership Programme is to construct the schools. The Kapilavastu District Coordination Committee will also help in the construction.

District Coordination Committee

The DCC is a district-level authority found in Nepal. The committee acts as a link between provincial assembly and rural municipalities. The committee members are elected by the district assembly for a term of five years. Every district committee has 9 members.

In India, the executives are the links. The Government schemes are implemented by the collector of the district.

India-Nepal

India and Nepal have century old relationship that connects them culturally, economically, socially and religiously. The India-Nepal relations began in 1950 with a Treaty of Friendship and peace signed between the countries.

Recent irritants between India and Nepal

Both Nepal and India claim a region called “Kalapani” as part of their country. In November 2019, India’s new political map including Kalapani created controversies. The Ministry of Home Affairs published the new map after dissolving special status of Kashmir and splitting Himalayan region into two union territories.

Kalapani

Kalapani is in the state of Uttarakhand. The state shares 80 km of porous border with Nepal.

Also, in 2015, Nepal accused India for imposing border blockade. This crippled the land locked nation as 90% of its imports and exports happened through India and its ports. This mainly includes Kolkata and Vishakhapatnam.

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Corona Virus: India closes 18 of 37 international borders

On March 14, 2020, Government of India ordered to suspend 18 of the 37 international borders from March 15, 2020. It includes borders across Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Highlights

As Corona Virus outbreak has reached 93 in numbers, Government of India has ordered to close international borders in the country.

India-Pakistan

There are only two land crossing borders between India and Pakistan. One is the Attari-Wagah border and the other is the Kartarpur pilgrimage border. Though different deadlines were given to other borders, these two borders across Pakistan were closed indefinitely.

Border Control

The international borders across countries Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan are controlled by State Governments and Bureau of Immigration

Bureau of Immigration

The BOI was established in 1971. It functions under Ministry of Home Affairs.

Border Security Force

The Border Security Forces guard the borders during peace time. They are armed forces that were established in 1965 after the 1965 war. They are termed as the first line of Defence in the military system.

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