India-Nepal Current Affairs

Surya Kiran-XIII: India-Nepal joint military exercise concludes in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand

The thirteenth edition of India-Nepal joint military exercise was held at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from 30 May to 12 June 2018. The joint military exercise was aimed at further enhancing and strengthening level of defence cooperation between the two neighbouring nations.

Key Facts

Surya Kiran-XIII exercise saw participation of nearly 300 soldiers from both Indian and Nepal Army. They shared their experiences gained during conduct of various counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations in past. The aim of 14 days joint military exercise was to conduct battalion level joint training with emphasis on counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain under United Nations (UN) mandate. It also included various aspects of disaster management and joint effort towards relief work. It also promoted understanding and inter-operability between two armies, further cementing ties between the two neighbouring nations.

Surya Kiran Exercise

Surya Kiran series of bilateral military exercises are conducted bi-annually (every six months), alternatively in India and Nepal. It is largest exercise in terms of troop’s participation in series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries. It aims at promoting military relations and increasing interoperability armies of both countries. 12th edition of this exercise was held at Nepal Army Battle School (NABS) in Saljhandi, Nepal in September 2017.


Nepal-Bharat Maitri Irrigation Project: India gives cheque to Nepal

India extended financial aid of Rs. 99 million to Nepal for the construction of 2,700 shallow tube well (STWs) irrigation  systems in 12 districts of southern Terai region to boost agricultural productivity. The assistance was extended as part of final payment for Nepal-Bharat Maitri Irrigation Project. With this payment, India has released so far released total of 227.6 million Nepali rupees to Nepal for implementing this project.

Nepal-Bharat Maitri Irrigation Project

The project was launched in January 2017 to boost growth to Himalayan nation’s agricultural sector through enhanced facilities. Under it, India provided financial assistance to Nepal to ensure all-season irrigation facility to about 8,115 hectares of farm land, augment productivity of rice, wheat and seasonal vegetables, fruits and other crops. Its ultimate objective is to uplift the socio-economic status of farming families in the 12 districts covered under the project.


India has been partnering with Nepal for development of Deep Tube Wells (DTWs) and Shallow Tub Wells (STWs) in various regions of Nepal for several years recognizing scope for improving agriculture productivity in Himalayan country whose economy is mainly dominated by agriculture. The installation of shallow tube wells has been benefiting farmers earlier depended on natural rainwater for irrigation by providing them all-season irrigation facility.