India-Nepal Current Affairs - 2019
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According to a notice issued by Nepalese Embassy in New Delhi, Nepalese nationals is required to have visa if they are entering India from Pakistan, China, Hong Kong and Macau. As per the Nepal foreign ministry, there are 4 million Nepalese working and studying in India.
The Nepalese Embassy also notified that a citizen of Nepal who wants to pass immigration clearance of India while travelling to Gulf countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Lebanon, Oman, Kuwait and Bahrain are required to acquire No Objection Certificate (NOC) from respective Nepalese Embassies situated in those countries.
To get NOC, a traveler must have to submit an application to respective embassy along with relevant documents, including ticket and visa of the destination country, employment permit.
Reason: An open boarder allows Nepalese nationals an easy path to enter India and some of whom subsequently travel to Gulf countries for work. Thus, the decision that a Nepalese citizens now mandatory require NOC to enter Gulf countries via India, is taken amid raising security concerns. However in past, no separate permit was required to travel any country through Indian immigration clearance.
As per existing rule, a citizen of Nepal entering India by land/air directly from Nepal does not require a passport/Visa, but is required to possess an identity card that establishes his/her identity as a Nepalese national. However, for security reasons a citizen of Nepal is generally asked for Passport when entering India from a place other than Nepal.
The ID documents which are considered valid for verifying individual’s identity includes Nepalese Passport, Nepalese Citizenship Certificate, Voter’s ID Card issued by Election Commission of Nepal and Limited Validity photo-identity certificate issued by Nepalese Embassy in India when deemed necessary.
For children between 10-18 years of age, who are travelling with their parents, photo ID issued by Principal of their School, are considered as valid travel documents.
India extended a financial aid of 1.6billion Nepalese Rupees (NPR) to Nepal government for rebuilding earthquake-hit houses in two district that were most hit.
This sustained and generous humanitarian support extended by India for post-earthquake reconstruction was appreciated by Nepal.
- Background: In February 2016, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between India and Nepal for grant worth USD 100 Million to be provided by India, for supporting reconstruction of 50,000 private houses in two districts of Himalayan nation namely Nuwakot and Gorkha that were most damaged in earthquake that hit Nepal in 2015.
- The devastating earthquake which struck Nepal in April 2015, claimed more than 9,000 lives and damaged over 800,000 houses. The epicenter of earthquake was central Nepal’s Gorkha district.
- Financial Aid: Manjeev Singh Puri, India’s ambassador to Nepal handed over financial aid cheque to Rajan Khanal, Finance Secretary of Nepal for undertaking reconstruction work in Himalayan nation. The amount was released towards reimbursement of part payment of first and second tranches of housing reconstruction extended by Government of India to 50,000 housing beneficiaries in two districts.
- Importance: The move showed that India remained committed to partnership between two nations and also to completion of post-earthquake reconstruction projects in Nepal.
Other grants by India:
- So far a total of Rs 4.5 billion Nepalese rupees have been granted Nepal to India under housing reconstruction projects.
- India has partnered with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) for providing socio-technical facilitation to people who lost their houses to ensure that they rebuild their homes in accordance with Nepal government’s earthquake resilient norms.
Tags: Financial Aid • Gorkha • India-Nepal • Manjeev Singh Puri • Memorandum of Understanding • Nuwakot • Post-Earthquake Reconstruction • Rajan Khana • United Nations Development Programme • United Nations Office for Project Services