India-Netherland Current Affairs - 2020

India-Netherland: “Water 4 change”, an urban water management system

The Centre for Water Resources Development and Management (CWRDM), operating under the Government of Kerala has launched the “Water 4 Change”. Under the project, six prominent institutions from Netherlands will perform a long-term research and field level action on urban water management systems along with Indian scientists.


The project will bring solutions for water problems in the cities of Kozhikode, Shimla, Bhuj and Bhopal. The project will address issues related to sanitary engineering, governance, urban planning, ecology, hydrology and economics in water handling.


The CWRDM was established by the Government of Kerala to cater the needs of research and development in water management of the state. The institution deals with environmental issues, drainage issues, water quality management and wet land management in the state

Kerala water resources

The state of Kerala being fed by the South West Monsoon is rich in water. There are around 44 rivers in the state. The average rainfall of the state is 3000 mm. However, due to poor water management the state faces water scarcity in certain regions.

The forest cover in the state was 50% in 1900. It has now depleted to 27% in 2018. Several districts in Kerala are facing water scarcity. It includes Kozhikode, Thiruvanathapuram. Also, the state fails to save water during the flooding season (June-September).

2nd phase of LOTUS-HR launched in New Delhi

The second phase of an Indo-Dutch project called Local Treatment of Urban Sewage Streams for Healthy Reuse, or LOTUS-HR was launched at Barapullah drain in New Delhi by Minister of Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan and the Dutch Royal couple, Netherlands King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima.

The Dutch Royal couple is on a five-day visit to India at the invitation of President Ram Nath Kovind. This trip will be King Willem-Alexander’s first state visit to India following his ascension to the throne in 2013. The visit is expected to boost political and economic cooperation between two countries.


It is a water treatment laboratory that seeks to treat dirty water of Barapullah Drain before it deposits into Yamuna. The project was set up in 2017 at the Sun Dial Park in New Delhi as part of collaboration between governments of India and Netherlands. Upon commissioning, this innovative pilot scale modular plant will treat 10,000 litre sewage water per day and will also showcase a self-sustaining model for end user.

Objective: To demonstrate a holistic waste-water management approach that will produce clean water which can further be reused for various purposes.

Bodies Involved: It is jointly supported by Department of Biotechnology, under Union Ministry of Science and Technology and Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. Moreover, IIT-Delhi and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) are partners in this project.

Technology being used in LOTUS-HR is called wetland technique.