India-Pakistan Current Affairs - 2020

Operation Desert Chase

The Rajasthan Police recently arrested two civil defence employees in Jaipur based on Military Intelligence inputs. They were arrested upon the input that they were passing sensitive information to Pakistan spy agency ISI (Inter Service Intelligence). The information was passed under Operation Desert Chase.

Operation Desert Chase

The Operation is an anti-espionage operation that was started by the Military Intelligence in 2019. The men were arrested under Official Secrets Act, 1923.

Official Secrets Act

The act condemns actions that involve helping an enemy state against India. The Home Ministry in 2017 has submitted a report on amending the act. The report intends to make the act more transparent and in line with RTI act (Right to Information Act, 2005).

The other countries that use Official Secrets Act includes Hong Kong, UK, Myanmar, Singapore and Malaysia. The act was in practice in New Zealand and Canada.

ISI

According to the Indian Government, the Inter-Service Intelligence of Pakistan involves planning and carrying out terrorist attacks against people of India. It was created after the Indo-Pakistani war of 1947. The ISI was given the duty to make Jammu and Kashmir a part of Pakistan. Also, Operation Tupac was started

Operation Tupac

The Operation Tupac is a military intelligence run by ISI of Pakistan. The operation has three parts namely

  • Disintegrate India
  • Exploit porous borders with Nepal and Bangladesh and set up bases
  • Tu utilize spy networks to act as instrument of sabotage

IMD includes PoK and Gilgit-Baltistan

The Indian Meteorological Department has begun to include Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, Ladakh and Muzaffarabad into its meteorological sub-division of Jammu and Kashmir.

Highlights

The change has reflected in the daily forecast of north west India. The weather forecast will be given for the entire sub-division of Jammu and Kashmir and not for specific areas.

Analysis

The change reflects the changed status of Ladakh. It also comes with underlying message to the Pakistan Government. The change comes after Pakistan Government decided to hold elections in Gilgit-Baltistan.

On April 30, the apex court of Pakistan allowed to set up a caretaker government in the Gilgit-Baltistan region and conduct provincial assembly elections.

Current Scenario

In 2009, the then Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari aimed to empower the people of Gilgit-Baltistan region. Hence, he passed a self-governance order for the region. According to the order, the region has a legislative assembly that implements self-rule in the region.

The population of Gilgit-Baltistan region wants to get integrated with Pakistan. However, the Pakistan government claims that integrating Gilgit-Baltistan would jeopardize the demands of the country for the whole of Kashmir.

Legislation

The province Gilgit-Baltistan is governed by unicameral legislature with a legislative assembly. The Chief Minister represents the people at the assemble. The region also has a governor.