India-Pakistan Current Affairs - 2019
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India has boycotted the events of the Pakistan National Day in protest against the invitation to Hurriyat leaders for the National Day reception being held at New Delhi. India has strongly objected to the direct engagement of Pakistan with Hurriyat representatives who are spearheading a separatists movement in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Pakistan National Day
Pakistan National Day is celebrated on 23 March in recognition of the passage of the Lahore Declaration on that day in 1940. Lahore Declaration called for the creation of a separate state of Pakistan.
The 1940 Lahore Declaration proposed the creation of an ‘independent state’ based on a predominantly Muslim population. The resolution rejected the proposal of a ‘United India,’ which stood against the division of India, and recommended the creation of a separate state for the Muslims and stated that no constitutional plan will be accepted by the Muslims until geographical units are demarcated.
The resolution demanded a new state Pakistan comprising of Muslims from regions like North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Bengal, Assam, Sindh, and Baluchistan.
The resolution which is also referred to as the ‘Pakistan Resolution’ holds great significance in Pakistan’s history. Pakistan has also erected a monument ‘Minar-e-Pakistan’ at Lahore to commemorate the famous resolution.
Tags: Assam • Baluchistan. • Bengal • Hurriyat leaders • India-Pakistan • Lahore • Lahore Declaration • Minar-e-Pakistan • North-West Frontier Province • Pakistan • Pakistan National Day • Pakistan Resolution • Punjab • Sindh
Indian Air Force Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman has been chosen for the first Bhagwan Mahavir Ahimsa Puraskar constituted by the Akhil Bharatiya Digambar Jain Mahasamiti.
The award which carries a cash prize of Rs. 2.51 lakh, a memento and a citation will be presented to Abhinandan Varthaman on April 17 the Mahavir Jayanti.
Abhinandan Varthaman, a wing-commander in the Indian Air Force shot into limelight in the ongoing bilateral tensions between Indian and Pakistan aftermath of the Pulwama terror attack.
After India’s airstrike aimed at destroying the Jaish-e-Mohammed camp in Balakot in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan, Pakistan retaliated with an intrusion into Jammu and Kashmir.
Abhinandan Varthaman was flying MiG-21 as a part of a sortie that was scrambled to intercept an intrusion by Pakistan Air craft. In the dogfight that followed, he crossed into Pakistan territory wherein he was struck by missiles. Later he ejected and descended safely at the village of Horran in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir around 7 km from Line of Control. He was captured by the Pakistan Military and was later handed over to India.
Tags: Abhinandan Varthaman • Akhil Bharatiya Digambar Jain Mahasamiti • Bhagwan Mahavir Ahimsa Puraskar • India-Pakistan • Indian Air Force • Jaish-e-Mohammed • JeM • Line of Control • Pakistan Occupied Kashmir • Pulwama terrorist attack