India-Pakistan Current Affairs - 2020

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Statue of Unity included in 8 Wonders of SCO; SCO heads meet: first time in India

The Statue of Unity that was inaugurated by PM Modi in October 2018 has been included in 8 wonders of SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization). The statue was a monumental tribute to Sardar Vallabhai Patel.

About the Statue

The Statue was inaugurated on the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhai Patel. It is the world’s tallest statue. In one year, since its inauguration, it attracted 2.9 million tourists and earned 82 crores of rupees.

What are the Eight Wonders?

The Wonders of SCO include archaeological and historical monuments of SCO. It includes

  • Statue of Unity in India
  • Daming Palace in China
  • Navruz Palace in Tajikistan
  • Mughals Heritage in Pakistan
  • Tamgaly Gorge in Kazakhstan
  • Po-i-Kalan Complex in Uzbekistan
  • The Golden Ring of Russia
  • Lahore, the Mughals heritage in Pakistan

SCO Heads Meet

For the first time, India is hosting heads of Government meet of SCO countries. All the government heads of eight SCO countries India, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan will attend the meeting. However, there are possibilities for Pakistan to skip the meet.

Amidst highest tensions between India and Pakistan, Pakistan PM Imran Khan is expected to skip the meet. The countries however participated in SCO military exercise hosted by Russia.

SCO is an economic bloc in which India and Pakistan became members in 2017.

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India erects “steel fence” across Pakistan, Bangladesh border

India will erect non-cut steel fence in the sensitive areas of Pakistan and Bangladesh borders. The plan is being executed after security agencies have detected Afghan fighters along India-Pakistan border.


The first steel fence is to be erected across 7-km stretch in Assam’s Silchar, the border across Bangladesh.  After erection, the border is to be analysed by the BSF (Border Security Force).  Based on the feedback of these fence implementation, more such fences are to be implemented. The implementation cost has been estimated as Rs 2 crores per kilo metre.

Apart from steel fences, there are plans to implement LASER fences across the two borders. In order to implement the projects, the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIMBMS) has been speeded up. The CIBMS operates under Ministry of Home Affairs.


The presence of well-trained terrorists in the borders has increased. Therefore, it is important to secure the vulnerable infiltration spots along the border. Also, these vulnerable spots might be used by the terrorists to create trouble in the newly formed Union Territory.

Recent security measures

The GoI recently has implemented several security measures to guard its international border, especially after abrogating Article 370. Around a lakh of Central Armed Forces were deployed in Kashmir. Government also mapped infiltration prone areas along the two borders. In 2018, the BSF mapped and identified vulnerable spots in three-staged exercise.

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