India-Pakistan war Current Affairs - 2019
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Indian Navy Day is observed annually on 4 December to celebrate magnificence, achievements and role of naval force of the country. This year it was 47th Navy Day.
Why Navy Day is celebrated?
It commemorates launch of Operation Trident by Indian Navy against Pakistan on 4th December, 1971. During 1971 India-Pakistan war, Indian Navy had played significant role in bombing of Karachi harbour, the stronghold of Pakistani Navy. In this attack, Indian Navy sank four Pakistani vessels and ravaged Karachi harbour fuel fields. In this operation, three missile boats of Indian Navy, INS Nirghat, INS Nipat and INS Veer had played pivotal role in this mission. Operation Trident had also resulted in first use of anti-ship missiles in the Arabian Sea region.
It is marine branch of Indian Armed Forces and is led by President of India as Commander-in-Chief. It is one of most potent maritime forces in the world and the most lethal in Indian Ocean. It is entrusted with duty of security of the country’s maritime boundaries. Currently, 67,228 soldiers/employees are employed in Indian Navy. The motto of the Indian Navy is “शं नो वरुणः (Sham No Varunaḥ), it means may lord of Water be auspicious unto us. At present, the Chief of the Indian Navy is Admiral Sunil Lamba. As of March 2018, Indian Navy has Aircraft Carrier, 1 Amphibious Transport Dock, 8 Landing Ship Tanks, 11 Destroyer, 13 Frigates, 1 Nuclear Power Powered Submarine, 1 Ballistic Missile Submarine, 14 Traditional Submarines, 22 Corvette, 4 Fleet Tanker And there are many other ships.
The roots of Indian Navy dates back to 1612 AD when Great Maratha ruler Chatrapati Shivaji had formed navy in his forces. So he is called the father of the Indian Navy.
The 19th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas was celebrated across India on 26 July 2018 to commemorate the success of Operation Vijay and remember brave sacrifice of Indian soldiers during 1999 India-Pakistan Kargil War.
India-Pakistan Kargil War
The war took place between May and July of 1999 in Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir. It had began with infiltration of both Pakistani troops and terrorists deep inside Indian territory in strategic positions that overlooked the only road link between Srinagar and Leh. The conflict is believed to have been orchestrated by then Pakistan army chief General Pervez Musharraf without knowledge of then Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Based on information from local shepherds, Indian Army was able to ascertain points of incursion and launch “Operation Vijay”. Indian Air Force’s operation Safed Sagar was a major part of the Kargil war. It had used for the first time air power at height of 32,000 feet. On July 26, 1999, Indian Army declared mission successful. Since then day has been celebrated annually as Vijay Diwas. The victory came at high price. The official death toll on Indian side was 527, while that on the Pakistani side was between 357 and 453.