India-Pakistan war Current Affairs - 2020
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Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh inaugurated the highest bridge in India. The bridge was named after the “Lion of Ladakh” Col Chewang Rinchen. It stands at 14,650 feet across the Shyok river.
Features of the bridge
- It is located at 45km from India’s border from China.
- It connects Leh’s Darbuk with Daulat Beg Oldi. The bridge is said to reduce the travel time by half-an-hour.
- The bridge is an all-weather permanent bridge. Some bridges in the Ladakh, Siachen regions become inaccessible in winter.
- It is located in the Sub-Sector North
- The super structure of the bridge is called “Extra Wide Bailey Bridge”.
- The bridge has been built in a span of 15 months.
- Micro piling technique has been used in the construction of the bridge. The technique is used in India for the first time.
- Micro piling is a technique used to transfer the load to the ground. Micro piles are small diameter piles constructed by drilling process and are keyed into rock.
- The bridge is 4.5-metre-wide and is designed to support 70 tons class vehicles. Thus, it is expected to facilitate the movement of Indian battle tanks like T-90 that weigh 48 tons and are 3.5 metre wide.
Colonel Chewang Rinchen
The Lion of Ladakh is a recipient of Maha Vir Chakra twice. In 1948, the Pakistan tribal raiders had captured Kargil and set their eyes in Leh. The region was defended by Lt Col Prithi Singh with just 33 men under him. When he raised the tricolor flag and sought for help, Rinchen was the first person to respond at the age of 17 years. He then recruited 28 of his friends forming the “Ladakh Scounts” and won eventually. For his bravery, he was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra in 1952
He was awarded with Maha Vir Chakra again in 1971 for his heroic act in freeing nine enemy points located in Ladakh’s Partapur sector.
- The River originates from Rimo Glacier, Karakoram Range and is called the “The River of Death”
- It is a tributary of River Indus
- It is also known as Sindhu
- It is a transboundary river flowing through China (Tibet), India and Pakistan. Originating in China, the river joins the Indus river in PoK.
- Chang Chen Mo River, Galwan River, Nubra River and Saltoro River are the tributaries of Shyok river.
- The river holds several Quatenary period (2.58 million years ago) depositions that help Geologists to learn more about evolution of the earth.
Tags: 1971 India-Pakistan war • Counter-Terrorism • highest bridge • India-China • India-Pakistan
Indian Navy Day is observed annually on 4 December to celebrate magnificence, achievements and role of naval force of the country. This year it was 47th Navy Day.
Why Navy Day is celebrated?
It commemorates launch of Operation Trident by Indian Navy against Pakistan on 4th December, 1971. During 1971 India-Pakistan war, Indian Navy had played significant role in bombing of Karachi harbour, the stronghold of Pakistani Navy. In this attack, Indian Navy sank four Pakistani vessels and ravaged Karachi harbour fuel fields. In this operation, three missile boats of Indian Navy, INS Nirghat, INS Nipat and INS Veer had played pivotal role in this mission. Operation Trident had also resulted in first use of anti-ship missiles in the Arabian Sea region.
It is marine branch of Indian Armed Forces and is led by President of India as Commander-in-Chief. It is one of most potent maritime forces in the world and the most lethal in Indian Ocean. It is entrusted with duty of security of the country’s maritime boundaries. Currently, 67,228 soldiers/employees are employed in Indian Navy. The motto of the Indian Navy is “शं नो वरुणः (Sham No Varunaḥ), it means may lord of Water be auspicious unto us. At present, the Chief of the Indian Navy is Admiral Sunil Lamba. As of March 2018, Indian Navy has Aircraft Carrier, 1 Amphibious Transport Dock, 8 Landing Ship Tanks, 11 Destroyer, 13 Frigates, 1 Nuclear Power Powered Submarine, 1 Ballistic Missile Submarine, 14 Traditional Submarines, 22 Corvette, 4 Fleet Tanker And there are many other ships.
The roots of Indian Navy dates back to 1612 AD when Great Maratha ruler Chatrapati Shivaji had formed navy in his forces. So he is called the father of the Indian Navy.
Tags: 1971 India-Pakistan war • Days and Events • Defence • India-Pakistan war • Indian Navy