India-Pakistan Current Affairs - 2020
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On January 1, 2020, India and Pakistan exchanged list of prisoners and fishermen. The countries exchange the information every year on 1st January and 1st July. They also exchanged nuclear installations alongside on the same day.
Pakistan shared the lists of 227 fishermen and 55 civilian prisoners who are Indians or believed to be Indians. The lists were shared based on the provisions of 2008 agreement. Similarly, India shared lists of 99 Pakistani fishermen and 267 prisoners.
In 2008, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to allow consular access to prisoners in each countries. The Agreement was highlighted during the Kulbhushan Jadhav case in the International Court of Justice. According to the agreement, the provision of consular access should be provided to the person within three months of arrest. However, Mr Jadhav was denied of such acess.
Pakistan has arrested Kulbhushan Jadhav in Balochistan saying he was an Indian Naval Officer. The Pak army court then sentenced him to death claiming him to be a spy of Indian Government. However, India declined the accusations and filed a case against death sentence at the International Court of Justice. According to India, Mr Jadhav retired from Navy in 2001 and was working in Iran. The ICJ has put the death sentence on hold.
Tags: Civilian prisoners • Fishermen • India-Pakistan • International Court of Justice (ICJ) • Kulbhushan Jadhav
On January 1, 2020, India and Pakistan exchanged their nuclear installations under an agreement that prevents them from attacking each other’s atomic facilities. The practice is being followed for 29 years for now.
India and Pakistan exchanged the list of nuclear installations under the Agreement on Prohibition of attack against nuclear installations. The exchange was done based on diplomatic channels simultaneously in Islamabad and New Delhi. The first of the exchange took place on January 1, 1992.
Agreement on Prohibition of attack against Nuclear Installations
The agreement was signed between Pakistan President Benazir Bhutto and Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi. It was signed on December 31, 1988.
Between 1986 and 1987 Indian Army carried out massive exercise Brasstacks that created fear of attacks on Pakistan nuclear facilities. The fear of Pakistan was the base for the countries to sign the agreement.
The Operation Brasstacks was conducted by the Indian Army in Rajasthan. It was the largest troop mobilizations of the Indian forces. The goal of the operation was to deploy ground troops. It also aimed at conducting amphibious assault exercises near by Pakistan Naval bases. It was the biggest exercise of its period since World War II. It was bigger than that of NATO exercises.