India-Russia Current Affairs - 2020

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DefExpo-2020 Outcomes reported at the Parliament

On March 16, 2020, the Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Shripad Naik submitted the outcomes of DefExpo-2020 at Rajya Sabha as a written reply. This year DefExpo-2020 was organized in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh under the theme

Theme: Digital Transformation of Defence

Outcomes

This year more than 856 domestic defence companies and 172 foreign companies participated at the DefExpo-2020. More than 200 partnerships and MoUs were signed at the exhibition. This includes 14 MoUs that were signed at the 5th India-Russia Defence Conference. The Uttar Pradesh Government alone signed 23 MoUS with an investment of Rs 50,000 crores. The investments are to be made in the UP Defence Corridor.

Benefits of the Event

The DefExpo-2020 is aligned with Make in India scheme. Therefore, 292 Indian MSMEs participated at subsidized rates. The event acted as a platform for the Defence start ups to show case their innovations.

Measures of GoI

The Government of India has taken several measures to increase Defence Exports and also improve growth of Defence industry. Two Defence Industrial Corridors were established one in Uttar Pradesh and other in Tamil Nadu.

Defence Investor Cell was created in 2018 to provide information and guidance to innovators, start ups, investors. FDI policy of defence sector was revised and 100% FDI were allowed through Government routes and 49% under automatic routes.

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Stockholm International Report: India is the second largest importer of arms

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) recently released its report on “Trends in International arms transfers 2019”. According to the report, India is the second largest arms importer in the world.

Key Findings of the report

The report says that Russia is the largest supplier to the Indian market between 2015-19. Russia has remained the top supplier in spite of the fact that Indian Weapons market for Russia declined from 72% to 56%.

The report also says that the top 5 arms importers in the world include Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia and China. These 5 countries accounted to 36% of world arms imports.

India

India has diversified it arms imports in the year 2015-19. The report also said that India acquired military hardware from other countries. It includes Scanter-6000 radars from Denmark, ACTAS sonar systems from Germany, Embraer ERJ-145 jets from Brazil, K-9 Thunder artillery guns from South Korea and Super Rapid 76 mm Naval Guns from Italy.

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