India-UN Current Affairs - 2019
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NITI Aayog and United Nations in India signed Sustainable Development Framework for 2018-2022. The agreement is reflection of commitment and efforts made by India towards attaining Sustainable Development Goals.
India-UN Sustainable Development Framework (UNSDF)
UNSDF 2018-2022 outlines development cooperation strategy between Union Government and United Nations Country Team in India in support of achievement of India’s key national development priorities and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
It was framed following highly participative process, in consultation with government entities, civil society representatives, academia, and private sector. Focus areas under it include poverty and urbanization, health, water, and sanitation, education, climate change, nutrition and food security, clean energy, and disaster resilience; skilling, entrepreneurship, job creation, gender equality and youth development.
Across these outcome areas, UN will support Union Government in south-south cooperation in partnership with Ministry of External Affairs (MEA). The total planned budget outlay for implementation of UNSDF is approximately Rs. 11000 crore, of which 47% is planned to be mobilized through course of implementation from multiple sources, including private sector and government.
The programmatic work outlined in UNSDF targets seven low-income states viz. Bihar, Jharkhand, MP, Odisha, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and UP along with North-East region and aspirational districts identified by the NITI Aayog. It will work on improving lives of most marginalized, poor, and vulnerable communities and people in the country, especially women and girls.
UNSDF also includes set of UN flagship programs that are aligned with major government schemes. These flagship programs will be scalable innovative, multi-sectoral solutions to some of most pressing development challenges that India faces and also serve as catalysts for increased investment of development finance.
UNSDF programmes range from affordable housing for poor to increasing access to clean energy in rural off-grid areas, protecting all children from vaccine-preventable diseases, providing quality education for all children and skilling for young people, especially young girls and ending stunting to improving child sex ratio.
India has contributed $1 million to United Nations (UN) Headquarters’ Solar Project, under which solar panels will be installed on roof of world body’s headquarters at New York, US. This contribution makes India first responder to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ call for climate action. The contribution will help reduce carbon footprint and promote sustainable energy.
In June 2018, during session on World Environment Day (observed on 5 June), India had intended to partner with UN Secretariat to use renewable solar energy at UN premises. It had expressed hope that by next World Environment Day, solar energy will be part of energy mix used in UN Headquartered building.