India-UN Current Affairs - 2020

Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO held in New Delhi

On January 30, 2020, the Indian Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU) was chaired by the Union Human Resource Development Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank”. UNESCO is United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Along with the UNESCO commission, the event was also attended by the sub commissions namely Social Sciences, Culture, Education, Natural Sciences and Culture.

Highlights

After the reconstitution of the commission, it has met for the first time. The sub commissions will aid in achieving the objectives of UNESCO in India. This will help in strengthening India’s image globally. The meeting also stressed on achieving 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

One of the SDG, Quality Education is to be achieved through New Education Policy.

India and UNESCO

India is a founding member of UNESCO. The UNESCO office in India is a cluster office for 11 countries. They are Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Afghanistan, Iran, Myanmar, India and Mongolia.

5 lakh government vehicles to be converted into e-vehicles

The Minister of Environment and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar flagged off the electric vehicles procured by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in New Delhi.

Highlights

  • The minister announced that all the 5 lakh government vehicles are to be converted into electric vehicles.
  • The process is to be carried out in phased manner
  • The purpose of the step is to reduce the dependence of the country on Petrol and Diesel
  • This will save 832 million litres of petrol and diesel and will reduce 2.23 million tons of carbon-dioxide being released.

Significance

  • This will aid in achieving India’s commitment towards reducing GHG (Green House Gas) emission by 33% to 35% by 2030 as compared to 2005
  • India is home to 14 out of 20 most polluted cities in the world. Electric Vehicles help improve the scenario by reducing local concentrations of pollutants in cities.

Requirements to achieve EV plan

According to the NITI Aayog, the following steps will help implementing EV based plans successfully

  • Providing Charging infrastructure
  • Increasing the efficiency of vehicles before converting all the vehicles to electric. This can be achieved by incentivising  developments to increase vehicle efficiency.