India-US Current Affairs - 2019

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CSIR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Test gets US FDA certification

The CSIR-IICT, Hyderabad on December 3, 2019, announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) cleared the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Test facility at the centre. The inspection was conducted between August 21, 2019 and August 22, 2019 with regard to Current Good Manufacturing Practices and was certified “No Action Initiated”.

Significance

The Research institute has largest facility of NMR laboratory in the country. It is equipped with nine NMR spectrometers. With the USFDA clearance the research center will gain further motivation to high quality research.

Why is USFDA clearance Essential?

The pharma and food products being exported to the US should adhere to CGMP (Current Goods Manufacturing Practices) according to FDA guidelines. On completion of inspection, FDA issues Form 483. The form includes warnings and corrective action plans if in need. Upon assertion from FDA, the product being manufactured through the certified process is allowed to be exported to the US.

NMR spectroscopy is important for structural characterization of chemical molecules used in pharmaceuticals. Bottom line, USFDA certification is essential and important to increase chemical and pharmaceutical exports to US.

US is the top export destinations of India’s Pharmaceuticals. In 2018-19, the Indian pharma exports to the US were 5820 million USD. Next to US, UK stands second with Indian pharma exports amounting to 630 million USD (2018-19), which is merely a tenth of exports to the US. Therefore, the USFDA certification is highly important to keep up the exports.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance is an analytical technique to determine the purity of a sample and its molecular structure. It is used to infer basic structure of unknown compounds. It helps to determine phase changes, solubility, conformational exchange and diffusion.

The technique is used to observe the local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei. Biochemists use NMR technique to identify proteins and other complex molecules.

India for Humanity-Jaipur Foot event organised at US Capitol building

India for Humanity-Jaipur Foot event was recently organised at United States Capitol building to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It was jointly by Indian Embassy and Jaipur Foot USA.

About India for Humanity initiative

It was launched by Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in October 2018 to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and honour of his service to humanity. Under it, artificial limb fitment camps are held across different countries identified through missions with financial support of Central government (MEA).

Objective: To provide physical, socio-economic rehabilitation of differently-abled around world by helping them regain their mobility and dignity to become self-respecting and productive members of society. It is based Father of Nation-Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of compassion, caring and service to humanity.

Implementation: For this initiative, MEA has collaborated with renowned charitable organisation Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS), the parent body of Jaipur Foot. So far, BMVSS has conducted 78 camps in 33 countries under this programme, with the sanctions of the Government of India, fitting total of 5152 limbs in these camps.

About Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS)

It is non-profit organization founded by Devendra Raj Mehta in 1975. It famously known by its trademark limb ‘Jaipur Foot’. It is world’s largest non-profit organization for handicapped in terms of fitment of artificial limb, calipers etc and providing ambulatory aids like wheel chairs, and other aids and appliances totally free of cost without any geographical, gender or community bias. It has served more than 1.8 million amputees in India and other parts of the world.