India-USA Current Affairs - 2020

Indian American appointed as US representative to IBRD

On May 5, 2020, the US President Donald Trump had nominated Indian American Ashok Michael Pinto as the US representative to IBRD (International Bank of Reconstruction and Development).

Highlights

Mr Pinto replaced Erik Bethel. Mr Bethel resigned from the post. Pinto was serving the Counselor to Under Secretary for International Affairs in the department of treasury of the US. It is to be noted that Mr Pinto was a special assistant to President George W Bush.

International Bank of Reconstruction and Development

The IBRD is an international financial institution that was established in 1944. The headquarters of the bank is located in Washington D C. The bank offers loans to middle income developing countries. It is one of the five member institutions that compose the world bank.

The IBRD, its lending arms and the International Development Association are collectively known as World Bank.

Five member institutions

The Five major member institutions that make up the World Bank include IBRD, Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), International Development Association (IDA), International Finance Corporation (IFC) and International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes

International Development Association

The International Development Association was established as a member in 1960. Generally, the IBRD and IDA are collectively called the World Bank. This is because, the other associations and institutions have relatively lesser importance.

US: 25,000 Child porn cases in 5 months in India; Rajya Sabha panel report on child porn

On January 28, 2020, a non-profit organization in the US called the National Centre for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) said that over 25,000 cases of child pornography have been uploaded in 5 months in India. The data has been shared by the organization with the National Crime Records Bureau.

Highlights

The Home Ministry has signed an agreement with the NCMEC in 2019 to obtain data on Child pornography being uploaded in India. According to Ministry of Home Affairs, Delhi tops the list when it comes to Child sexual Abuse material followed by Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

POCSO Act

In June 2019, the Indian Government widened the definition of Child pornography under POCSO (Prevention of Children from Sexual Offences) act. It now covers visual depiction, video, photograph, digital or computer-generated image that appears to depict a child.

Rajya Sabha Panel

An Ad-hoc committee was constituted by the Chairman of Rajya Sabha Shri M Venkaiah Naidu. The committee has submitted its report on January 26, 2020. The committee has made 40 recommendations to prevent sexual abuse of children.

  • The report calls to remove such content also enable parents for early detection of access to such content by children.
  • The committee has also recommended to amend POCSO act and IT act, 2000.