India Current Affairs - 2019
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Both India and Pakistan have exchanged their list of nuclear installations. The exchange was in accordance with the Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations and Facilities between Pakistan and India.
Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations and Facilities
The Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan on 31 December 1988 at Islamabad and came into force on 27th January 1991. As per the agreement:
- Both India and Pakistan would refrain from undertaking, encouraging or participating in, directly or indirectly, any action aimed at causing the destruction of, or damage to, any nuclear installation or facility in the other country.
- Both India and Pakistan will inform each other about their nuclear installations and facilities on 1st January each year and also whenever there is a change.
Both countries have adopted the agreement as part of their efforts to uphold durable peace and develop friendly and harmonious bilateral relations. The exchange under the agreement is also a confidence-building measure in the bilateral relations.
India Ports Global Limited Company has opened its office and took over operations at the Shaheed Behesti port at Chabahar. It happened during the occasion of the first meeting of the follow-up committee for implementation of the trilateral Chabahar agreement between India, Afghanistan and Iran.
Outcomes of the Trilateral Meet:
The note of the Ministry of external affairs on the meet says that Positive and constructive discussions were held between the three sides on full operationalisation of the Trilateral Transit Agreement for international transit and transport through the Chabahar Port. Important outcomes of the meet are:
- There was consensus on the routes for the trade and transit corridors between the three countries.
- It was agreed to finalise the protocol to harmonise transit, roads, customs, and consular matters at the earliest.
- It was agreed to allow cargo movement at Chabahar using Transports Internationaux Routiers Convention provisions.
Internationaux Routiers Convention
It is a multilateral treaty which aims to simplify and harmonise the administrative formalities of international road transport. It was concluded in Geneva on 14 November 1975. India is a party to the treaty.
- Holding an event to promote and popularise the potential of Chabahar on February 26, 2019.
- Constituting a study to determine measures to make the route attractive, decrease logistic costs and pave the way for smooth operationalisation of the Chabahar Agreement.
Chabahar port in the Sistan-Balochistan province of Iran’s southern coast is easily accessible from India’s western coast and is increasingly seen as a counter to Pakistan’s Gwadar Port, which is being developed with Chinese investment and is located at distance of around 80 km from Chabahar. Chabahar Port has the potential to be a gateway for golden opportunities for trade by India, Iran and Afghanistan with central Asian countries besides ramping up trade among the three countries since Pakistan denies transit access to India.
India Ports Global Limited
India Ports Global Private Limited is a private registered company and classified as Union Government Company. It is involved in Sea and coastal water transport.