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The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) plenary meeting took place on in Jurmala, Latvia after Latvia assumed chairmanship of NSG for 2018-19. With this, Latvia became first Baltic state to chair the NSG. There was no headway in India’s application for NSG entry in this plenary meeting. India had applied for NSG membership at 2016 Seoul plenary session, but it was objected by few member countries of NSG including China.
Key Highlights of meeting
Participation Non-NPT States: NSG member states continued discussions on issue of technical, legal and political aspects of participation Non-NPT States of in NSG initiated at its 2016 Seoul plenary. There was no headway this time for considering India’s membership despite thaw in relationship with China. There was no specific reference to Pakistan’s application to the NSG.
Waiver to India: NSG continues to consider all aspects of implementation of the 2008 Statement on Civil Nuclear Cooperation with India (or NSG waiver for India) and discussed NSG relationship with India.
On North Korea: Participating Governments of NSG reconfirmed their commitment to UN Security Council resolutions 2371 (2017), 2375 (2017), 2397 (2017) and previous relevant UNSC resolutions, which reaffirm that North Korea will immediately abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programmes in complete, verifiable and irreversible manner. They noted that supply of all controlled items to North Korea is prohibited according to above resolutions. They noted with encouragement the recent Inter-Korean summits and North Korea-US summit.
On Iran: They acknowledged continued implementation of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and Iran by E3/EU+2 (United Kingdom, France, Germany + Russia, China) and Iran. JCPOA is nuclear deal between P-5 (US, UK, Russia. China, France) + 1 (Germany) and Iran.
Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
NSG is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be used for development of nuclear weapons. It was set up in 1974 as a reaction to India’s first successful nuclear tests (code name Smiling Buddha conducted on 18 May 1974) to stop so called misuse of nuclear material meant for peaceful purposes. Currently, NSG has 48 members.
India is going to host 23rd European Union Film Festival (EUFF) on 18th to 24th June, 2018 at Siri Fort Auditorium in New Delhi. It is organized by Directorate of Film Festivals, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting partnering with the Delegation of European Union (EU) and embassies of EU Member States in various city film club.
The European Union Film Festival will showcase 24 latest European films from 23 EU member states. It will screen movies from 23 EU states, thus celebrating diversity and will bring some unusual stories for the world cinema enthusiasts. The selected films as part of the festival will be showcased in 11 cities across India including New Delhi, Port Blair, Chennai, Pune, Kolkata, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam, Puducherry, Thrissur, Hyderabad and Goa from 18 June to 31 August 2018.
European Union (EU)
EU is an economic and political partnership consisting of 28 member countries. Law made in European Parliament is applicable and binding on all member states directly. Its member states are committed to same basic values: peace, democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights. It is single market allowing the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within internal market. The union has its own currency, Euro established as monetary union in 1999 and being used by 19 member countries. Moreover, within Schengen Area of EU, passport controls have been abolished. The capital of EU is located in Brussels, Belgium.