India Current Affairs - 2020

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Trace Bribery Risk Matrix 2019

TRACE International, the world’s leading anti-bribery standard setting organization, has released the 2019 edition of Trace Bribery Risk Matrix (TRACE Matrix). TRACE Matrix is a global business bribery risk assessment tool that measures business bribery risk in 200 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions.

About Trace Bribery Risk Matrix

Ranking Parameter: Trace provides a score from 1 to 100 to each country for each domain and if a country gets a higher score it means it is in a higher risk of business bribery.

Score is based on Four Factors:

  • Business Interactions with Government
  • Anti-Bribery Deterrence and Enforcement
  • Government and Civil Service Transparency
  • Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media

Report Highlights

Lowest Bribery Risk: New Zealand, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland

Highest Bribery Risk: Somalia, South Sudan, North Korea, Yemen and Venezuela

With a total risk score of 48, India is ranked higher and has been placed in a better position than neighbouring China whose score is 59. Other countries having a score of 48 in the matrix are: Azerbaijan, Ghana, the Bahamas, Panama, Samoa and Thailand, also have.

Among BRICS nations, South Africa is ahead of other countries with a score of 42 while the scores of Brazil and Russian Federation are 53 and 55, respectively.

Bangladesh is the highest risk country in terms of bribery in South Asia as its total risk score was 72 in this index. Bangladesh was ranked 178 while India stands on 78th rank.

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2nd Joint India-China Capacity Building Programme for Afghan Diplomats

The 2nd Joint India-China Capacity Building Programme for Afghan Diplomats is being held at External Affairs Ministry’s Foreign Service Institute (FSI) in New Delhi from 11-23 November as part of both countries efforts to work together for development of war-torn Afghanistan. India-China are also looking at other areas to cooperate in Afghanistan.

Key Highlights

10 young diplomats from Afghanistan are participating the course. So far a total of 179 Afghan diplomats had been trained at FSI, more than any other country.

The participants would get an exposure to modern India’s economic and technological developments and would also undertake study tours to experience India’s cultural heritage. The diplomats will undertake study tours in India before travelling to China for further training.

The intensive two-week course would include training modules on various topics covering India’s foreign policy, diplomatic skills, multilateral diplomacy and key international issue. The course is part of India-China joint projects in third countries.

Background

The 1st Joint India-China Capacity Building Programme for Afghan diplomats was held at elite Foreign Service Institute (FSI) from 15 to 26 October 2018 as part of an understanding reached between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Wuhan Informal Summit (2018) where two countries decided to work together on programmes for Afghanistan. The first batch containing 10 Afghan diplomats was trained in 2018 at FSI.

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