India Current Affairs - 2019

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IBSA Gandhi-Mandela Memorial Freedom Lecture

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa delivered the first IBSA Gandhi-Mandela Memorial Freedom Lecture. Highlights from the Speech are:

  • Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela wanted to see the elimination of poverty and a world where nations respect one another and multilateralism was upheld and respected and there was tolerance for each other’s religion, race, caste and regional affiliation.
  • India and South Africa are separated by an ocean but bound together by the collective energies of people. The legacies of Gandhi and Mandela have never been more important than they are today. Both India and South Africa have a collective role in addressing the global economy which is facing a number of challenges right now.
  • President Ramaphosa India and South Africa recalled the words of Jawaharlal Nehru’s who called Asia and Africa sister continents in 1955.
  • President Ramaphosa remembered Ahmed Kathrada and Ismail Mohammad for their contribution to South Africa’s democracy and Mahatma Gandhi’s granddaughter Ela Gandhi for playing a leading role in the women’s movement in South Africa.
  • President Ramaphosa thanked people of India for their courage, encouragement, inspiration they have sent during our struggle for liberation. He noted that India’s consistent solidarity towards liberation struggles of not just South Africa but of other countries as well
  • The legacies of Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela go far beyond their stature as the founding fathers of our two great countries India and South Africa.
  • President Ramaphosa lauded efforts of Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela on justice and liberty, for human dignity and human rights and non-violent resistance.


IBSA is an international tripartite grouping for promoting international cooperation among India, Brazil and South Africa. IBSA symbolises three important poles for galvanizing South-South cooperation and greater understanding between three important continents of the developing world namely, Africa, Asia and South America.

IBSA provides with a platform for the three countries to engage in discussions for cooperation in the field of agriculture, trade, culture, and defence among others.

Jammu and Kashmir Governor gives assent to Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2014

Governor of Jammu and Kashmir Satya Pal Malik has given his assent to the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2014, providing reservation in government jobs for Pahari community.

Features of the Amendment Bill

The features of the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2014 are:

  • The amendment provides for reservation in government jobs for the persons belonging to the Pahari community, clan or tribe having a distinct cultural, ethnic and linguistic identity.
  • The amendment creates a separate category for the persons belonging to Pahari community, clan or tribe having distinct, cultural, ethnic and linguistic identity among the Socially and Educationally Backward classes (other than Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes).
  • The bill empowers the government of Jammu and Kashmir to notify method and authority for identification of Pahari Community.

Pahari Community

The Pahari Community also called as Pahadi and Parbati belongs to  Indo-Aryan ethnic group inhabiting Himalayan regions of Nepal and India.

Pahari community has historically faced economic distress resulting in an overall socio-economic backwardness of the community due to the remoteness and inaccessibility of the areas that they have been living in.

As a result of this socio-economic backwardness, Paharis were not able to compete with other sections of the society in terms of access to education and health care due to these disadvantages. Hence to address these gaps the government of Jammu and Kashmir has extended the reservation in Jobs.