Indian Coast Guard Current Affairs - 2019
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The coast guards of India and Japan undertook disaster control, search and rescue exercises off the coast of Yokohama in Japan. India had hosted the Japanese ships for the exercise last year and this time Japan is hosting the exercise. ICGS Shaunak is the main Indian ship taking part in the drills.
ICGS Shaunak is an Offshore Patrol Vessel of Indian coast guards. This 105-meter vessel is capable of carrying a twin-engine light helicopter and five high-speed boats including two quick reaction inflatable boats for swift boarding operations, search and rescue, law enforcement and maritime patrol.
ICGS Shaunak is fitted with navigation and communication equipment, sensors and machinery including 30 mm CRN 91 naval gun, integrated bridge system, integrated machinery control system, power management system (PMS) and high power external fire fighting system.
This exercise aims to share their expertise in disaster management as both the nations have huge experience in disaster management as Japan regularly faces earthquakes and sea storms while the Indian Coast Guard round the year manages the over 7,000-kilometre coastline of the country.
Indian Coast Guards has deployed two new hovercrafts to enhance its surveillance capabilities and to protect against any filtration bids from the Pakistan Side. The two hovercrafts would operate from the Jakhau facility in Gujrat.
The two new hovercrafts together with three interceptor vessels will be responsible for the round the clock surveillance in the contentious area around Sir Creek.
A hovercraft is an amphibious vehicle capable of travelling over land, water, mud, ice, and other surfaces. Hovercrafts operate at high speeds between 30-40 knots (around 50-60 kilometres) per hour. They can be highly useful in hot pursuit of any suspicious boat or individuals in the waters. Hovercrafts would also be useful in catch any rogue elements since they can operate on both sea and shores.
Sir Creek area in the Kutch district of Gujarat is a disputed area between India and Pakistan. Sir Creek also witnessed some action during the 1965 war. Sir Creek is used by the infiltrators from Pakistan to enter the Indian Territory. Hovercrafts can be an asset in dealing with these infiltrations.