Indian Coastal Surveillance system Current Affairs - 2020

India-Maldives review their Defence Cooperation

On December 14, 2019, India and Maldives agreed to expand their maritime security and boost their anti-terror cooperation in order to deal with the common challenges in Indian Ocean Region where China is expanding its military presence. The countries also held the 6th Joint Commission Meeting. It was co-chaired by the External Affairs ministers of the countries.


The countries discussed about implementation of 1.4 billion USD economic package that was pledged by India earlier. At the Joint Commission Meeting, the countries reviewed the ongoing construction of police training facility in the city of Addu and other building projects that are implemented in Maldives with India’s assistance. It includes Composite Training Centre to train defence forces of Maldives, setting up of Coastal Surveillance Radar System (CSRS). It is to be noted that India had set up CSRS in Seychelles, Sri Lanka and Mauritius. The countries also agreed to partner Greater Male Area Connectivity Project. The project aims at connecting islands in the west of Male with the capital.

India-Maldives: Recent Developments

The countries will hold Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Exercise. They have also planned for the lease of Dornier aircraft. At the Goa Maritime Conclave that was held in October 2019, India offered to share real-time movement of maritime traffic in the Indian Ocean littoral states.

India to set up coastal surveillance system in Bangladesh

On 5th October PM Modi and his Bangladesh counterpart signed several MoUs that included connectivity, trade, transport and defense. The agreements include

  • A Coastal Surveillance system
  • Standard Operating Procedure on the use of Chattogram and Mongola ports
  • Withdrawal of 1.82 cusec of water from Feni river for drinking water scheme for Sabroom town, Tripura.
  • Implementation of Line of Credit committed committed by India to Bangladesh
  • Renewal of Cultural Exchange program – Cooperation in Youth Affairs.
  • MoU between University of Dhaka and University of Hyderabad.

The leaders also inaugurated three bilateral development projects

  • Import of LPG from Bangladesh
  • Inauguration of BIPSDI – Bangladesh – India Professional Skill Development Institute
  • Inauguration of Vivekananda Bhaban, students hostel at Ramakrishna mission in Dhaka.

Highlights of the meet

  • Under India’s Act East Policy, Bangladesh is provided opportunities to expand connectivity corridors. Both India and Bangladesh are set to increase air, water and rail connectivity to enhance trade between Bangladesh and North Eastern India. As part of this decision, the countries decided to operationalize
    • Dhulian – Gadagari – Rajshahi – Daulatida – Aricha route
    • Daukandi – Sonamura route
  • The BBIN Vehicles motor agreement was agreed to operate early. This will encourage other partner countries of BBIN to join the agreement
  • The leaders jointly agreed that the Indo – Bangla coastal Shipping Agreement should be taken as template for BIMSTEC. This will enhance the security of the Indo – Pacific region.