Indian Council of Agricultural Research Current Affairs - 2020

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National Conference on Crop Residue Management held in New Delhi

Parshottam Rupala, Union Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare inaugurated National Conference on Crop residue Management for farmers from states of Punjab, Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The conference was held at New Delhi.

Key Highlights of Conference

Organiser: This conference was organized by Government of India in collaboration with ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) in order to address concerns of farmers and State Governments.

Participants: The conference was attended by more than 1000 farmers from 4 states of Punjab, Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, who shared their innovative ideas, experiences and suggestions adopted for in-situ crop residue management.

MoS for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare requested further support and ideas from farmers to ensure zero burning in all villages and stressed that success stories from these States should be shared with all farmers.

Significance:  The conference would go a long way in mitigating the problem of stubble burning besides creating awareness among farming community.

Background

Agriculture Ministry has implemented a Central Sector Scheme for period 2018-19 to 2019-20 in States of Punjab, Haryana, NCT of Delhi and Uttar Pradesh to support the efforts taken by respective state governments in addressing air pollution and to subsidize machinery required for in-situ management of crop residue through agriculture mechanization. The total outgo of Central funds is Rs.1151.80 crores

During the year 2018-19, State Governments of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh have distributed 32,570 machines to farmers on individual ownership basis and established 7,960 Custom Hiring Centres.  As a result, as per the report of High Power Committee chaired by Dr. Nagesh Singh, the straw burning events in 2018 have reduced by 15% and 41% as compared to that in 2017 and 2016 respectively.

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ICAR and CSIR sign MoU for working together on Food and Agriculture

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and  Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have signed an MoU to collaborate in the area of food and agriculture.

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)

  • Both ICAR and CSIR will work together on mutually agreed areas of agri-foods, medicinal and aromatic plants, nutraceuticals, precision agriculture, big data analysis, use of artificial intelligence, genetic modifications in cotton, application of sensors in agriculture, post-harvest management and agricultural mechanisation.
  • The network of  Krishi Vigyan Kendras of ICAR would be utilised for technology demonstration and dissemination.
  • The MoU also proposes a joint working committee to deliberate and formulate the collaborative programmes and will meet four times a year.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation headquartered at New Delhi and works under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Earlier known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research is the apex body in India for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country.

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is a contemporary R&D organization of the government of India and is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledgebase.

CSIR was established by the Government of India in September of 1942 as an autonomous body under the Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology. CSIR activities cover a wide spectrum of science and technology from radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.

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