Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated a national cyber forensic lab and Cyber Prevention, Awareness & Detection Centre (CyPAD). The National Cyber Forensic Lab (NCFL) is part of the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) initiative and CyPAD is the Delhi Police’s cybercrime unit.
Cyber Prevention, Awareness & Detection Centre
Cyber Prevention, Awareness & Detection Centre (CyPAD) forensics, cyber safety and security-related services to the citizens as well as to police units and agencies of Delhi. CyPAD will deal with crypto-currency frauds, international tech-supported frauds and other cybersecurity related services.
National Cyber Forensic Lab (NCFL)
National Cyber Forensic Lab (NCFL) is part of the Union Home Ministry’s Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C). The NCFL includes units likes Memory Forensics Labs, Image Enhancement Lab, Network Forensics Lab, Malware Forensics Lab, Cryptocurrency Forensics Lab, Damaged Hard Disk and Advanced Mobile Forensics Lab. Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) consists of seven verticals namely
- National Cybercrime Threat Analytics Unit (TAU).
- National Cybercrime Reporting.
- Platform for Joint Cybercrime Investigation Team.
- National Cybercrime Forensic Laboratory (NCFL) Ecosystem.
- National Cybercrime Training Centre (NCTC).
- Cybercrime Ecosystem Management Unit.
- National Cyber Research and Innovation Centre.
Both CyPAD and NCFL will assist law enforcers to proactively address cyber threats in coordination with other law-enforcement agencies, national & international cybersecurity organisation and various online intermediaries.
The Union Home Ministry will set up Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C), an apex coordination centre in New Delhi to deal with cybercrimes.
It also has asked States to establish similar mechanism in every district and released funds for setting up of cyber-forensic training laboratory-cum-training centre for police officials in each State. It also has released funds to Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children Scheme.
Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)
It will be apex coordination centre to deal with cybercrimes based in New Delhi. It will coordinate with State governments/UTs and closely monitor cyberspace and social media with due emphasis on vernacular content. It will also block those websites which flout Indian laws and circulate child pornography and communally and racially sensitive content.
It will also maintain list of suspects and leads generated during investigations in cybercrime cases and will be shared with law enforcement agencies through secured internal network. Under this framework, state governments will set up State cybercrime coordination cell at headquarter-level and also establish district cybercrime cells.
Over a period of time, there has been phenomenal increase in use of computers, smart phones and internet in India. With this increase, cybercrimes have emerged as major challenge for law enforcement agencies. The cybercrime cases are of varied types ranging from defacement of government websites, online financial frauds, online stalking and harassment, and data thefts. Moreover, these cybercrime cases pose technical, legal and administrative challenges in investigation which require strengthening of institutional mechanism. Institutionalisation of I4C comes in wake of 1,44,496 cybersecurity attacks observed in country during 2014-16 period. MHA already has created Cyber and Information Security Division, a new wing to deal with new-age challenge.