Indian languages Current Affairs - 2020

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“Stay Home India with Books” initiative launched by GoI

On March 25, 2020, the National Book Trust functioning under Ministry of Human Resources and Development launched Stay Home India with Books initiative. Under the initiative more than 100 books can be downloaded from the NBT website.

Highlights

With Lock Down ruled by GoI to contain the spread of Corona Virus, the Ministry of HRD has uploaded more than 100 books in the NBT website to help people spend quality time during holidays. According to the ministry, majority of the books uploaded are children books. Apart from these, the other books include activity-based learning science, women scientists in India, Gandhi: Warrior of Non-Violence and many more.

The books uploaded are of different Indian languages. It includes English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Telugu, Kokborok, Bodo, Mizo, Tamil, Nepali, Kannada, Urudu, Malayalam, Telugu, etc.

National Book Trust

The National Book Trust was founded in 1957. The trust activities include publishing, promotion of Indian books, children literature, etc.

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Assam Cabinet nod to make Assamese the state language

On December 23, 2019, the Assam Cabinet nodded to make Assamese language the state language of Assam. This will exclude BTAD (Bodoland Territorial Administrative Districts), Barak Valley and Hill districts of Assam.

Highlights

The cabinet has also suggested that Assamese will be made compulsory in all schools of Assam. The move comes in the wake of rising insecurities among Assamese population in the state. After the passing of Citizenship Amendment Bill, there has been an increased wave of insecurity in the Brahmaputra Valley.

In order make the move successful, the Central Government will now have to amend Article 345. If amended the article will remove fears of people fighting for their rights to culture and language in the region.

Current Scenario

Currently Assamese and Bodo are the official languages in Assam. However, certain districts of Assam in Barak valley use Bengali as official language

Article 345

Article 345 says that subject to provisions of Article 346 and 347, the state legislature might adopt one or more languages to be used as official languages.

  • Article 346 states that the states are authorized to decide on the language of communications amongst them and with the centre. However, such a language should have been authorized by the centre
  • Article 347 provides special provisions to language spoken to a section of a population. The President if satisfied shall assent on usage of the language.

The factor of amendment comes in as the Assam Government intends to exclude a section of the state which is against the current constitutional provisions.

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