Indian Livestock Current Affairs - 2020

Jammu and Kashmir launches J&K Poultry Policy 2020

The Government of Jammu and Kashmir recently launched the Poultry Policy, 2020. The Government has provided operational guidelines under the policy to promote establishment of poultry units.

Highlights

The Jammu and Kashmir Government has announced Rs 50 crores of subsidy per annum to establish broiler farms and its allied activities. The policy aims to generate employment in the territory.

About the Policy

The policy is expected to reduce an annual bill of Rs 900 crores that is spent on importing poultry and its products outside the territory. The entrepreneurs, farmers, NGOs, cooperatives, Self Help Groups, Joint Liability Groups are eligible to avail the benefits under the scheme.

Commercial Farms

For Commercial Broiler farms that holds rearing capacity of rearing more than 10,000 birds per unit are to be provided with incentive 30% of capital investment. The upper limit fixed to such incentives is Rs 50 lakhs.

India develops new Vaccine to control Swine Fever

The ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)’s Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) has developed cell culture Classical Swine Fever vaccine.

Significance

The vaccine will help to save several rabbits. This is because the current vaccine called the Lapinised CSF (Classical Swine Fever) being used is produced by sacrificing large number of rabbits.

The new vaccine invented gives immunity for 2 years as compared to the previous vaccines that provided immunity for 3 to 6 months.

Need

The deadly fever in pigs contribute to 10% of the country’s total meat production. The CSF is one of the deadliest diseases of pigs that is causing loss of Rs 400 crores to India annually. It is also one of the reasons for the swine population to decline in 2019 as compared to the previous census 2012.

Current Scenario

The total requirement of the vaccine in India is 22 million doses per year. However, hardly 1.2 million doses are being produced currently. This is because, only 50 doses can be produced from a rabbit spleen.