Indian Navy Current Affairs
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The Indian government will soon inaugurate the information fusion centre (IFC) to boost the maritime security and Information exchange in the for the Indian Ocean Region(IOR).
The Information Fusion Centre (IFC) for the Indian Ocean Region will be set up by the Indian Navy at the Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram, Haryana.
About Indian Navy’s IFC-IOR:
- Indian Navy’s IFC-IOR will share information on “white shipping”, or commercial shipping with the countries in the region to improve maritime security and tackling piracy and terrorism in the Indian Ocean. It aims to become a maritime information hub for the entire region.
- Only those countries will be served by this centre that have signed White Shipping Information Exchange agreements with India. Around 21 countries have such agreement with India till now.
- The IFC will generate a seamless real-time picture of the nearly 7,500-km coastline of India by linking all the coastal radar chains.
- The entire Indian Ocean region will be benefited by mutual collaboration and exchange of information through the setting up of IFC-IOR.
- it will help in understanding the major concerns and threats prevalent in the Indian Ocean region.
India has also signed the ascension agreement to the Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN). T-RMN will allow information exchange on the movement of commercial ships on the high seas. The T-RMN agreement is being steered by Italy.
The information about the commercial ships is available primarily through the Automatic Identification System (AIS) fitted on merchant ships. It Automatic Identification System (AIS) chips have been made mandatory by the International Maritime Organisation for ships with more than 300 gross registered tonnage. These AIS chips contain information like name, MMSI number, position, course, speed, last port visited, destination and other vital data. The various AIS sensors read the information from these AIS chips and obtain the information.
Indian Navy inducted its first Submarine Rescue System with Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV) along with associated equipment at western naval dockyard in Mumbai, Maharashtra (west coast of India). It is first of the two non-tethered DSRVs ordered by Indian Navy. With this, India joined select list of international navies (US, Russia, Japan, South Korea, China, Singapore UK, Sweden and Australia). Its induction will enhance Indian Navy’s operational capabilities for search, locate and provide assistance to downed or disaster-struck or distressed submarines at high sea.
Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV)
The vehicles are developed by Scotland-based JFD, a part of James Fisher and Sons Plc In March, 2016. JFD had won the contract of 193 million pounds for supply of two sets of non-tethered DSRV and 25 years of maintenance.
These DSRVs are third-generation system, considered to be most advanced system currently in operation globally. It is capable of undertaking rescue from a disabled submarine up to 650 metres depth. It is operated by a crew of three, can rescue 14 personnel from disabled submarine at time.
DSRVs complete with associated kit in fly away configuration, can be crucial in quickly locating submarines through vast expanse of sea and can be mobilised by air and water for rapid rescue. It can be deployed at short notice for providing assistance to submarines in distress.
Indian Navy two DSRVs will be based on West and East Coast of India respectively. The first DSRV will be operated and deployed by crew of Indian Navy’s newly formed Submarine Rescue Unit (West) from its base in Mumbai. The second DSRV is out for delivery and is expected to reach Visakhapatnam soon. It will be operational by April 2019.
Indian Navy currently operates 16 submarines of Sindhughosh, Shishumar and Kalvari classes as well as nuclear powered submarines. The operating medium and nature of operations undertaken by submarines expose them to high degree of inherent risk. In such eventuality, traditional methods of search and rescue at sea are ineffective for disabled submarine in deep waters. To overcome this capability gap Indian Navy has acquired third generation, advanced Submarine Rescue System considering of Non-tethered Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) and its associated equipment.