Indian Navy Current Affairs - 2019
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Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba took the debriefing of the recently concluded annual Theatre Level Readiness and Operational Exercise (TROPEX) 19.
The lessons learnt from the Tropex exercise will provide Navy accurate assessments to fine-tune combat deployments, force structuring requirements, operational logistics, and material and training imperatives.
- Tropex is an inter-service military exercise involving the participation of the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and the Coast Guard.
- TROPEX 19 had commenced with Tri-services Amphibious Exercise in the A & N islands with the participation of Army and Air Force.
- This was followed by the largest Coastal Defence Exercise Sea Vigil.
- About 60 ships of the Indian Navy, 12 ships of the Indian Coast Guard and 60 aircraft were part of TROPEX 19.
The major combat units of the Indian Navy including the Carrier Battle Group with INS Vikramaditya, nuclear submarines and scores of other ships, submarines and aircraft swiftly transited from exercise to operational deployment mode as tensions between India and Pakistan escalated aftermath of Pulwama terror attack.
India and Russia have signed an agreement for the leasing of a nuclear-powered attack submarine for the Indian Navy for a period of 10 years.
About the Agreement
- Russia will be delivering the Akula class submarine, to be known as Chakra III, to the Indian Navy by 2025.
- India had earlier leased two nuclear submarines from Russia. They are INS Chakra leased in 1988 under a three-year lease and second INS Chakra was taken on lease in 2012 for a period of 10 years.
- Russia will lease Akula class submarine for the period of 10 years at the cost of USD 3 billion.
- Chakra III will be equipped with Indian communication systems and sensors, including the indigenously-developed USHUS integrated sonar system and Panchendriya sonar.
- Chakra III get a unified submarine sonar and tactical control system, which are already in use on the INS Arihant. The Chakra III will also get a refurbished hull.
- Chakra III weighing around 8,140-ton will have a submerged speed of 30 knots and an operating depth of 530 meters and will be capable of carrying a crew of 73.
- Chakra III will also be loaded with four 650-millimetre and four 533-millimetre launch tubes for firing Type 65 and Type 53 torpedoes. Both of these torpedoes are made in Russia.
- Chakra III will be powered with 190 mW nuclear reactor.
Addition of a nuclear-powered submarine is an attempt to bolster the naval prowess of the country as a counter to attempts being made by China to expand its influence in the Indian Ocean region. India has already commissioned French Scorpene submarine INS Kalvari and is in the process of inducting another French Scorpene submarine INS Khanderi.
Tags: Akula class submarine • French Scorpene submarine • India-Russia • Indian Navy • INS Arihant • INS Chakra • INS Kalvari • INS Khanderi • Nuclear Reactor • Panchendriya sonar • Russia • torpedoes • USHUS integrated sonar system