Indian Navy Warships Current Affairs - 2020

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GRSE hands over Landing Craft Utility amphibious ship to Indian Navy

Warship builder Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE) has delivered a Landing Craft Utility (LCU) to Indian Navy. The LCU delivered is 7th out of eight such vessels being built for Indian Navy by GRSE, will add to India’s maritime security prowess.

About Landing Craft Utility (LCU)

LCU is an amphibious ship, that can transport and deploy main battle tanks, armoured vehicles, troops and equipment from ship to shore. It can accommodate 216 personnel.

Features: It is 62.8 metres long, 11 metres wide and has a displacement of 830 tonnes, with a low draught of 1.7 metres. The ship has an ability to attain a maximum speed of 15 knots and is equipped with two indigenous CRN 91 guns to provide artillery fire support during landing operations.

LCU can also be deployed for multi-role activities such as disaster relief operations, search and rescue, supply and replenishment, beaching operations and evacuation from distant islands.

Background

The Landing Craft Utility (LCU) Mark IV class of ships, the first of which was commissioned into Indian Navy in 2016, are fitted with close to 90% indigenous equipment. The GRSE, one of India’s leading shipyards, located in Kolkata (West Bengal),  has so far manufactured 103 warships since its inception in 1960.

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Mine Counter Measure Exercise-first time between India and Japan

The Indian Naval Forces and the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) was held on November 23, 2019. This is the firs time an explosive ordance disposal and mine counter measure was held by Indian and Japanese forces.

Mine Counter measure Vessels

The naval ships that are designed to locate and destruct the naval mines are called MCMVs. They play the combined role of mine sweeper and mine hunter. A Naval Mine is an explosive device that is placed under water to destroy submarines and surface ships. A minesweeper is a naval ship that is deployed in removing naval mines. They do not detect them. On the other hand, a minehunter seeks, detects and destroys naval mines

Naval Mines and Crimean War

The naval mines and naval mine sweeping was first practiced in the Crimean war. The Crimean war was fought between October 1853 and February 1856 where the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of Ottoman Empire, Britain, France and Sardina. The war was fought in the Crimean Peninsula, Blach sea, Balitc sea and White sea.

Indian Minesweepers

There are three categories of minesweepers in Indian Navy. It includes Ham-class minesweepers of Indian Navy, Pondicherry-class minesweepers, mahe-class minesweepers.

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