Indian Penal Code (IPC) Current Affairs - 2019
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The Andhra Pradesh Cabinet on December 11, 2019 cleared the Disha Bill that proposed harsh punishment for crimes against women. Disha bill is also known as the Andhra Pradesh Criminal Law (Amendment) bill.
The act provides harsh punishments to those who did heinous crimes against women. The decision was taken to protect women and children in the state. The cabinet also approved establishment of special courts for offences against women and children under Women and Children Act, 2019. The courts will also deal with cases under POCSO (Protection of Children against Sexual Offence) act.
The act specifies that judgement for every case registered should be pronounced with in 21 days. Special attention should be given to cases such as rape, acid attacks.
Under the act, those found guilty under the act will be tried under Section 354 of the Indian Penal Code. However, the punishment has been increased. Accused with proven charges of sexual attack on children will be imprisoned for 10 to 14 years.
The act also includes strict actions against persons uploading degrading posts against women on social media. In this case, the first-time offenders will be punished with 2 years of jail term and the second term offenders will be punished with four years of jail term.
The act proposes death sentence for heinous crimes against women.
Background of the act
The act was drafted to hasten the trial process of crimes against women and children. Currently the time period to solve these cases in the state is 4 months. The act reduces it to 21 days. The act has also increased the punishment to 10 years of jail that was previously 3 to 5 years in case of sexual abuse against children.
Tags: Crime Control • crimes against women • Death Penalty • DISHA • Indian Penal Code (IPC)
The National Crime Bureau Statistics for the year 2017 was released on October 21, 2019. The report reveled that Tamil Nadu topped in grave crimes followed by Maharashtra.
The report was created by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) operating under the Home Ministry. The NCRB brings out 3 reports annually namely Crime in India, India and Prison statistics and Accidental Deaths and suicide in India.
Highlights of the report
- The rise in IPC crimes were the highest in Delhi, Assam and Kerala. On the other hand, the IPC crimes decreased greatly in Mizoram, Gujarat, Himachal, Tripura and Nagaland.
- Around 50 lakh crimes were registered in 2017. This is a rise of 3.6% from the previous report published in 2016.
- Murder cases registered across the country declined by 6%. Number of murders in 2016 were 30,450 and in 2017 the number has come down to 28,653
- The NCRB reported that the number of kidnapping and abduction cases increased by 9% since 2016
- Haryana topped in sedition cases (the offences committed against state). This increase was mainly due to the huge Jat reservation stir in Haryana in 2017. The sedition cases include damaging public property, providing aid to anti-social elements, etc.
- The maximum number of crime cases against women were from UP. Majority of the crimes against women under the IPC were registered as follows
- Out of crime cases against women 33.2% were under cruelty by husband or relatives
- Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty contributed 33.2%
- Kidnapping and Abduction of women contributed 21%
- Rape contributed 10%
- Crime against SCs were reported as
- 30% of crime against SCs were simple hurt cases
- Cases under SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) act accounted to 13.4%
- Criminal intimidation accounted to 7.6% of crime cases against SCs.