Indian Penal Code (IPC) Current Affairs - 2020

National Crime Bureau Statistics released

The National Crime Bureau Statistics for the year 2017 was released on October 21, 2019. The report reveled that Tamil Nadu topped in grave crimes followed by Maharashtra.

The report was created by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) operating under the Home Ministry. The NCRB brings out 3 reports annually namely Crime in India, India and Prison statistics and Accidental Deaths and suicide in India.

Highlights of the report

  • The rise in IPC crimes were the highest in Delhi, Assam and Kerala. On the other hand, the IPC crimes decreased greatly in Mizoram, Gujarat, Himachal, Tripura and Nagaland.
  • Around 50 lakh crimes were registered in 2017. This is a rise of 3.6% from the previous report published in 2016.
  • Murder cases registered across the country declined by 6%. Number of murders in 2016 were 30,450 and in 2017 the number has come down to 28,653
  • The NCRB reported that the number of kidnapping and abduction cases increased by 9% since 2016
  • Haryana topped in sedition cases (the offences committed against state). This increase was mainly due to the huge Jat reservation stir in Haryana in 2017. The sedition cases include damaging public property, providing aid to anti-social elements, etc.
  • The maximum number of crime cases against women were from UP. Majority of the crimes against women under the IPC were registered as follows
    • Out of crime cases against women 33.2% were under cruelty by husband or relatives
    • Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty contributed 33.2%
    • Kidnapping and Abduction of women contributed 21%
    • Rape contributed 10%
  • Crime against SCs were reported as
    • 30% of crime against SCs were simple hurt cases
    • Cases under SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) act accounted to 13.4%
    • Criminal intimidation accounted to 7.6% of crime cases against SCs.

Rajasthan Assembly passes Bills against honour killing

Rajasthan Assembly passes Bill against honour killing, titled Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019. It makes honour killing punishable by death penalty or life imprisonment. This Bill was passed after making a few amendments on basis of suggestions given by some MLAs during discussion.

Chief Minister of Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot had announced enactment of laws against mob lynching and honour killing while replying to debate on  State budget 2019-20 on July 16.

Background

In name of vindicating honour of family/caste/community, there has been increase in illegal intimidation by self-appointed bodies for bringing pressure against Sagotra marriages (Marriages within gotra)/inter-community/inter-caste/inter-religious marriages between two consenting adults.

In many cases such bodies tend towards incitement of violence and such newly-married couple or those person who desire of getting married are subjected to intimidation and violence even when such violence is an offence under Indian Penal Code (IPC), it is necessary to prevent assemblies which take place to condemn such matrimonial alliances as also to punish such acts of violence and criminal intimidation severely.

Key Features of Bill

Punishment: Bill makes Honour Killing offence cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offences. It has laid down death penalty/life sentence and a fine up to Rs.5 lakh for killing a couple or either of them on basis that their marriage had dishonoured or brought disrepute to caste/community/family.

Ostracisation: Bill holds accountable those who indulge in ostracisation of such a couple or their family. This also includes pressurising them to leave village or dispossessing them of their land or property or imposing a fine on them.

Definition of Unlawful Assembly: It is a congregation of people whose intention is to deliberate on, or condemning any marriage (not prohibited by law) on basis that such marriage has dishonoured caste/ community tradition or has brought disrepute to all or any of persons forming part of assembly/family/people of locality concerned.

In Bill “assemble”, “congregate” or “gather” includes acting in concert with use of any technological means/medium, since such proposed actions are propagated on social media.

Assembly Penalty: Members of such assembly shall be punishable with imprisonment between 6 months to 5 years and fine up to Rs.1 lakh. Endangering liberty of such a couple or their supporters shall be punished with 2-5 years and fine up to Rs 1 lakh. Bill also proposes punishment up to 7 years for criminal intimidation.

Punishment based on  Level of Hurt:

For causing simple hurt- is 3-5 year imprisonment and fine up to Rs 2 lakh.

For causing grievous hurt- a minimum of 10 year imprisonment that may extend to life imprisonment, as well as fine up to Rs.3 lakh.

For causing death of such a couple/either of them- Convict may be punished with death, imprisonment for life, which shall mean imprisonment for remainder of that person’s natural life and with fine up to Rs 5 lakh.