Indian Police Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Home Ministry has notified official gazette notification for establishing 10 coastal police stations located along India’s coastline in 9 States and 4 UTs.
These police stations have been empowered to register and investigate crimes committed within the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Their establishment will end the ambiguity over territorial jurisdiction in the wake of Italian marines case.
These 10 coastal police stations are: Yellow Gate PS (Maharashtra and Daman and Diu), Navibandar coastal PS (Gujarat), Mangalore coastal security PS (Karnataka), Harbour coastal security PS (Goa), B5 Harbour PS (Tamil Nadu and Puducherry), Fort Kochi coastal PS (Kerala and Lakshadweep), Paradeep marine PS (Odisha), Gilakaladindi PS in Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Central Crimes Station, Port Blair (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) and Nayachar coastal PS (West Bengal).
The extension of jurisdictional limits will allow local police to effectively deal with cases of terrorism and smuggling and further help guarding 7516-km long coastline of India.
India has a 7,517-km coastline and has 12 major ports and 187 minor or intermediate ports. India’s territorial waters end at 12 nautical miles while the EEZ stretches to 200 nautical miles from the coast.
- Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ): It includes the contiguous zone, stretching to 200 nautical miles from the coast.
- Continental shelf: It is the seabed up to 350 nautical miles from the coastal baseline, beyond the EEZ were countries also have rights. But such areas are not part of their EEZ.
- However, the legal definition of the continental shelf does not directly correspond to the geological meaning of the term. It also includes the continental rise and slope, and the entire seabed within the EEZ.
Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the Indian Police Foundation (IPF) and Indian Police Institute (IPI) in New Delhi.
Both agencies aim at embarking a culture of research and evidence-based policing in India. It also seeks to subjectivity avoid personal errors and biases in decision-making.
They have been set up and registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as an All India Society.
- Indian Police Foundation: It will be a think tank for suggesting reforms in the Indian Police. It will bring together the police professionals, academia and other stake holders and provide a platform to research, ideate, discuss and seek the answers.
- Indian Police Institute: It will be a research and training institute for police officers in the Indian Police for the pursuit of professional excellence. It has been set up in line with the Prime Minister’s vision of a SMART, people-centric and professionally competent police.