Indian Railways Current Affairs - 2019

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A new Head on Generation technology introduced in Indian Railways

The Indian Railways has introduced an environment friendly and energy efficient solution in passenger trains to address noise and air pollution. The technology changes the locomotives and coaches and makes them suitable for Head On Generation. The Railways has developed and improvised converter that are to be fitted in electric locomotives. These converters can replace diesel generators as well. The converters make the locomotives suitable to run-on head-on generation technology.

Head On Generation – Benefits

Between April 2018 and November 2019 around 436 trains have been converted into HOG compliant. The technology reduces noise level, reduces emission of carbon dioxide, diesel consumption.

Head on Generation Technology

In Head on Generation technology, the power will be drawn from overhead Electric supply. Huge noise making fume emitting power generators will be replaced by silent generators. It was first introduced in India in 1996 when India signed an agreement with Germany. Germany transferred the technology to the Indian Coach Factories. Rajdhani, Samprak Kranti, Duronto, Shatabdi and Hamsafar are some of the trains where the technology was first implemented.

Cabinet apprised of Indo-German strategic collaboration on Railways

Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi was notified of Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between India and Germany regarding strategic cooperation on Railways projects.  The Joint Declaration of Intent was signed by Union Ministry of Railways with Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy of Federal Republic of Germany in November 2019.

Significance: Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) will provide a platform to Indian Railways to interact and share latest developments and knowledge in field of Railways. JDI will also facilitate exchange of meetings, information, technical visits, expert seminars, as well as implementation of Indo-German jointly agreed cooperation projects.


Railways Ministry signed a Memorandums of Understanding (MoU)/ Memorandums of Cooperation (MoC)/ Joint Declarations of Intent (JDI)/ Administrative Arrangements (AA) for technical cooperation in rail sector with various foreign Governments and National Railways in respect of identified areas of cooperation, which includes development of world class stations, high speed rail, speed raising of existing routes, heavy haul operations as well as modernization of rail infrastructure among others. They will also facilitate exchange of technical documents and reports, technical experts, training and seminars/ workshops focusing on specific technology areas as well as other interactions for knowledge sharing.