Indian Railways Current Affairs - 2019
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Railways form the backbone of the Indian Transportation System. The Railways has undertaken following measures under its Go Green initiatives:
- Ministry of Railways has planned to set up 1000 Mega Watt (MW) solar power by 2020-21. This would help Railways to source about 10% of its electrical energy from renewable source.
- Wind energy plants of 36.5 MW have been installed by the Railways.
- Almost all electrified Railway stations and 99% of service buildings have been fitted with 100% LED luminaries by Indian Railways to reduce power consumption.
- Railways have started blending of 5% bio-diesel in High-Speed Diesel (HSD) for diesel locomotives.
- 20% Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) substitution in diesel engines of Diesel Power Cars of Diesel Electric Multiple Unit (DEMU) trains and the introduction of solar energy based DEMUs.
- Tree plantation to increase green cover in Railway Premises.
- Water Audits at major consumption centres as well as the proliferation of Water Recycling Plants and Rain Water Harvesting (RWH) Systems as a step towards better water management.
- Assessment and rating of Indian Railway’s Production Units and major Workshops as Green Industrial Units.
- Nearly 163,000 bio-toilets have been installed in around 44,500 coaches.
- Increasing the pace of electrification to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels.
Also, the Ministry of Railways has taken a policy decision for allocating 1% cost in all sanctioned works for execution of environment-related works.
On 15 December 2018, Union Railways Minister Piyush Goyal has dedicated India’s first railway university to the Nation in Vadodara. The Railway University will be first of its kind institution in the nation and the third in the world after Russia and China.
- It is named as the National Rail and Transportation Institution (NRTI).
- It will be a deemed university which will offer professional courses in technology and management of transportation networks.
- The chairman of Railways Board Sh. Ashok Lohani has been named the Vice Chancellor of the University
- It will host visiting faculty from renowned institutions like XLRI School of Management and Indian Business School, Hyderabad and others.
The National Rail and Transportation Institution (NRTI) started its operation on September 5 earlier this year. The first batch of the university has already been shortlisted and consists of 103 students – 62 for BSc in Transportation Technology and 41 in BBA in Transportation Management. Both the courses are the flagship three-year programmes offered by the university.
The first batch of students has been awarded 50 per cent scholarship in the yearly course fee of Rs 75,000. The actual annual fee of NRTI for one year is Rs 91,000, including all other charges.
There are plans to start Master Degree programmes from the academic session 2019-20 in Transportation and Systems Design, Transport Systems Engineering, Transport Policy and Economics, and others.
The Railways Ministry has sanctioned Rs 421 crore for the NRTI and its curriculum development for the next five years. A greenfield campus is also under development for the university. Indian Railways has identified a 110-acre plot of land for the NRTI campus at Pipaliya village in Waghodiya Taluka, District Vadodara