Indian Science Congress Current Affairs - 2020

TIFAC to come up with COVID-19 revival strategy

A team of scientists from Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) is to prepare a revival strategy to help in the growth of Indian Economy post COVID-19 lock down.

Highlights

The strategy is to strengthen Make in India initiative, develop technology driven transparent Public Distribution System, reduce imports, efficient rural health care delivery, adoption of emerging technologies such as Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics, etc. The strategy will also aim to commercialize indigenous technologies.

Need

The major concern of Government of India is labour shortage that is to occur for more than 6 months after lock down. The Government is also expecting 40 million job losses. Almost every sector namely trade, transport, manufacturing, tourism, health care, education are to be hit.

TIFAC

TIFAC is Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council. It is an autonomous organization that was established in 1988. It operates under Department of Science and Technology.

The Technology Vision 2035 released by PM Modi at the 103rd Science Congress was prepared by TIFAC.

Yoga Science Meet, Farmers Science Congress held at Indian Science Congress in Bengaluru

The Indian Science Congress was inaugurated by PM Modi on January 3, 2020. On the sidelines of the event, the Farmers Science Congress was conducted for the first time. The event also witnessed the Yoga Science Meet.

Farmers Science Congress

The Farmers Science congress was conducted for the first time in 107-year history of the Indian Science Congress. The event highlighted importance of innovational practices in agriculture. The conference is significant as the current era is shifting from becoming self-sufficient in production to nutritional security. The importance of programmes such as ARYA were stressed at the event.

ARYA

ARYA is Attracting and Retaining of Youth in Agriculture. It is being implemented by the ICAR. The programme aims at bringing the youth under Agriculture sector. This is to prevent the increase in migration of youth from rural areas to urban. It also aims at making them entrepreneurs by empowering them to take up agriculture and its allied services to gain employment.

Till now around 5,000 youths have been brought under the programme.

Other Highlights

The event also stressed upon the following

  • Development of nano-fertilizers and nano-pesticides by ICAR in order to promote organic farming.
  • Around 56 models of integrated farming have been developed that will be promoted by NABARD and linked to rural development programmes.
  • Farmers Innovation Centres and Innovation Funds are to be set up.
Themes

The Farmer Science Congress was held under 3 different themes namely.

  • Farmers innovation on integrated agriculture and entrepreneurship to double farmers’ income
  • Climate change, bio-diversity, conservation.
  • Agrarian distress, farmers empowerment and rural bio-entrepreneurship.

Yoga Science Meet

The Yoga Science Meet was organised on January 6, 2020. The meet discussed how Yoga helps insulate from diseases. Also, the meet explained yoga postures and therapies.