Indira Gandhi Current Affairs - 2020

May 21: National Anti-Terrorism Day

Every year on May 21, India observes National Anti-Terrorism Day. The day is observed to mark the death anniversary of the former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi.

Highlights

Rajiv Gandhi was the sixth prime minister of India. He served as the prime minister of the country between 1984 and 1989. He was assassinated in Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu in May 1991.

National Anti-Terrorism Day is marked to raise awareness about terrorism and its impact on human society. The day also spreads the message of peace and humanity.

Rajiv Gandhi

Rajiv Gandhi took the office of Prime Minister after his mother, the former PM of India, Indira Gandhi was assassinated.

Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated while he campaigned for a Lok Sabha candidate at Sriperumbudur. He was killed in a bomb blast. The Supreme Court confirmed that Mr Gandhi was killed by the LTTE organization. India was to send an Indian Peace Keeping Force to Sri Lanka to contain the activities of LTTE.

Resolution to be moved in Rajya Sabha to remove the word “Socialism” in the Constitution

The ruling party (BJP) member of Rajya Sabha Shri Rakesh Sinha has issued a notice to the Chairman to permit to move a resolution. The resolution aims to drop the word “Socialist” in the Constitution.

Highlights

The resolution claims that the world socialism is redundant in the current scenario. It has to be dropped to create space for economic thinking. The Preamble of Constitution declares India to be sovereign, secular, socialist and democratic republic.

The resolution claims that word was included without enough debate in the Parliament as it was introduced during emergency.

42nd amendment of the Constitution

The words “Socialist” and “Secular” were included in the 42nd amendment of the Constitution. The amendment was passed during the emergency period. The amendment attempted to reduce the powers of Supreme Court. It laid down fundamental duties of Indian Citizens. The amendment brought in several changes for it was addressed as “Mini-constitution”.

The amendment gave Parliament powers amend the constitution without judicial review. IT also changed the preamble of the constitution. The description of India in the preamble as “Sovereign Democratic Republic” was changed to “Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic”. It also changed “unity of the nation” to “unity and integrity of the nation”.

Can Preamble be amended?

Yes.

However, till 1973, the Supreme Court also held that Preamble shall not be amended as it is not a part of the Constitution.

In 1973, Keshvananda Bharti Case, the Supreme Court pronounced that Preamble is a part of the Constitution and Parliament has full rights to amend the Preamble.