Indo-Pacific Region Current Affairs - 2020

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India expands Indo-Pacific Policy; includes Gulf and Africa

At the end of the joint Indian Ocean Dialogue held in New Delhi, External Affairs Minister officially announced that India is planning to expand its Indo-Pacific policy. So far, the Indo-Pacific covered Indian Ocean and the Arabian sea. With the expansion, the region will now include Gulf states and Africa.

Indo Pacific

Indo-Pacific is a US construct that includes regions between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. According to the US, it ranges from the eastern shores of the African continent to the western shores of the US. The move of US was perceived to contain China’s military expansion in the region. In June 2018, PM Modi outlined India’s vision on the Indo-Pacific region while addressing the Shangri-La Dialogue.


The expansion will help India in its Act East Policy. It also clearly sets out message that India’s focus is more on the Indian Ocean element of the Indo-Pacific rather than Pacific Ocean element. This is because with the expansion of the Indo-Pacific, ASEAN becomes the geographical centre of a greater perimeter and becomes heart of Indo-Pacific. This will also help India in moving beyond cultural, historical and economic linkages.

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Pacific Air Chiefs’ Symposium 2019 being held in Hawaii

The Chief of Indian Air Force (IAF) Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria is set to participate in Pacific Air Chiefs Symposium 2019 (PACS 2019) being held at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam in Hawaii (a state of USA). Theme for 2019’s symposium is: ‘A Collaborative Approach to Regional Security’.

About Pacific Air Chiefs’ Symposium 2019 (PACS 2019)

Objective: To further strengthen existing cooperation between Air Forces of participating countries and also to pave way for enhanced interaction in future.

Participants: United States of America is the host country for symposium. Air Chiefs from across the Indo-Pacific region are participating in the conference. In addition to USA, Air Chiefs from 20 countries are present at Symposium.

The participants will provide perspectives on common challenges faced as well as on shared mutual interests while focusing on relevant topics such as Domain Awareness, Regional Security, Multi-Domain Awareness, Interoperability and Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR).  The symposium will also entail discourse and discussions on combined effort required to maintain peace and security within Pacific region.

India at PACS 2019: Participation of Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadauria in PACS 2019 will provide impetus towards articulating and highlighting common regional challenges. It would also reaffirm India’s commitment to peace, prosperity, stability and security in Indo-Pacific region.

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