Indonesia Current Affairs - 2020

First Launch of China’s ‘Kuaizhou-11 (KZ-11)’ Rocket Failed, 3rd Rocket Launch Failure of the Year for China

After three years of delay, on 10th July 2020 the Solid-Fuelled Carrier Rocket of China- Kuaizhou-11 suffered a failure during its maiden flight. Kuaizhou-11 was originally planned to be launched in the first half of 2018, it was delayed due to an explosion during engine testing back in 2020. The rocket was launched from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre.

Kuaizhou meaning ‘Fast Ship’ in China’s Mandarin language. Kuaizhou-11 was a low-cost solid-fuelled carrier rocket designed to launch satellites in Low Earth and Sun-Synchronous Orbit.

Kuaizhou-11 was the 19th Rocket launched by China in the year 2020. It was also the 3rd Rocket Launch of China in 2020 that had ended in failure.

Earlier in March 2020- Long March 7A and in April 2020- Long March 3B (with Indonesia’s Palapa N1 Communication Satellite) has ended in failure after launch.

Loss of Two Satellite

Kuaizhou-11 was lifted with 2 satellites as payload:

  1. The first satellite named ‘Jilin-1’ was a video satellite that was developed for a website named Bilibili in China by Changguang Satellite Co. Ltd.  Bilibili is a video sharing website in China.
  2. The second satellite was developed by Beijing Future Navigation Technology Co. Ltd for the purpose of navigation. The name of this satellite was ‘CentiSpace-1-S2 (Weili-1-02).

Sri Lanka and Maldives becomes the First Two Countries from South-East Asia Region of WHO to Eliminate Both Rubella and Measles

Geneva-based World Health Organization (WHO) has announced on 8th July 2020 that Sri Lanka and the Maldives have eliminated Rubella Virus. With this, Sri Lanka and the Maldives became the first two countries from the South East Asia Region of WHO to have successfully eliminated both the Measles and Rubella Virus.

Measles Virus Eliminated by 5 Countries from the Region

In 2017-18, Bhutan, Timor-Leste, North Korea and the Maldives were the four countries from the South-East Asia Region of the WHO to successfully eliminate Measles Virus. In July 2019, Sri Lanka became the third nation from the South-East Asia Region of WHO to eliminate Measles.

The target year set by the WHO for eliminating Measles from the South-East Asia Region is 2023 (earlier was 2020, Revised in September 2019 to 2023).

Rubella Virus Eliminated by 2 Countries from the Region

Sri Lanka and Maldives the first two countries from the South-East Asia Region of the WHO to achieve the target.

The target year set by the WHO for eliminating Rubella Virus from the South-East Asia Region is 2023.

WHO South-East Asia Region

There are a total of 11 countries in the WHO’s South-East Asia Region. They are India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Maldives, Myanmar, North Korea, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, and Nepal.