Indonesia Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Mount Sinabung Volcano erupts in Sumatra Island

Mount Sinabung volcano erupted in Sumatra Island of western Indonesia. Eruption resulted in column of thick ash being spread seven km high to southeast and south of crater.

Key Highlights

  • Warning: Local residents living along rivers near volcano’s crater were advised to be on alert for possible lava flows. National Volcanology Agency of Indonesia urged residents living near flank of volcano to use masks when rains of ash pour down and those living alongside rivers with upstream in slope of volcano were warned of cold lava floods during torrential rains.
  • No damages or casualty were reported due to eruption.
  • Mt. Sinabung Volcano is at 2nd highest alert level due to which no one lives inside a previously announced No-Go Zone around five km from the crater.
  • Fact: Indonesia is home to over 130 active volcanoes due to its position on ‘Pacific Ring of Fire’, a belt of tectonic plate boundaries circling Pacific Ocean where frequent seismic activity occurs.

About Mt. Sinabung

Background: Mt. Sinabung roared back to life in 2010 for the first time in past 400 years. After another period of inactivity for yew years it again erupted in 2013, and has remained highly active since then. Carter saw a deadly eruption in 2016 in which seven people died.


  • It is a Pleistocene-to-Holocene (geological epoch) Stratovolcano (also known as composite volcano). It belongs to Volcanic arc/belt of Sunda Arc.
  • Elevation: It is 2,475 meters high.
  • Location: It is located in Karo district of North Sumatra province in western Indonesia and 40km from Lake Toba supervolcano.

Month: Categories: Environment & BiodiversityUPSC


Binny: India’s only Orangutan dies

India’s only orangutan named Binny died at the age of 41 in Nandankanan Zoological Park in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

Key Highlights

  • About: The Nandankanan Zoological Park (NZP) has lost one of its beloved members the 41-year-old orangutan ‘Bini’, an extant species of great apes.
  • Background: The lone female orangutan Binny, was brought to Nandankanan Zoo from Pune’s Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park on 20 November 2003, when she was 25 years old. Since her arrival she has been alone in her zoo enclosure and zoo officials failed to arrange a male partner for her.
  • Reason: According to NZP, ‘Binny’ died due to age-related complications. He also suffered from respiratory tract infection. Tissue samples were collected and postmortem is scheduled, for further investigation to correlate exact cause of death.
  • Care: She was taken out of the enclosure a year ago. The orangutan was under treatment for a year by experts from College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, OUAT. Even the orangutan’s experts from United Kingdom (UK) and Singapore were also giving constant advice.

About Orangutans


  • The word “orangutan” actually means “person of forest”.
  • They are one of the world’s three extant species of great apes.
  • Orangutans are native to Indonesia and Malaysia and are currently found only in rain forests of Borneo and Sumatra.
  • They are considered to be among most intelligent primates. An orangutan can live up to 45 years in the wild and even more in zoos.
  • They have been extensively studied by researchers for their learning abilities.
  • They use a variety of sophisticated tools and even construct elaborate sleeping nests from branches and foliage.

Month: Categories: Environment & Biodiversity