Indus Waters Treaty Current Affairs - 2020
The Union Government has decided to suspend all talks on India-Pakistan Indus Waters Treaty in the wake of the Uri attack.
Decision in this regard was taken by meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It was attended by National Security Adviser (NSA) Ajit Doval, Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar, tWater Resources Secretary and senior PMO officials.
Key Highlights of Meeting
- No review or abrogation of the Indus Waters Treaty.
- Decision to utilise water under India’s share to fullest.
- Suspend talks on the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC), the dispute redressal mechanism until terrorism stops.
- Review the 1987 suspension of the Tulbbul navigation project that Pakistan had objected.
- Build more run-of-the-river hydropower projects on western rivers (Indus, Jhelum, Chenab) to exploit full potential.
- Expedite construction of Pakal Dul, Sawalkot, Bursar dams in Jammu and Kashmir.
- Use 20% of river water allocated under treaty for Jammu and Kashmir farmers.
About Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)
- IWT is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan. It brokered by the World Bank (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development).
- The treaty deals with sharing of water of six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries.
- It was signed by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan in Karachi on September 19, 1960.
- As per treaty, control over three eastern rivers —Ravi, Beas and Sutlej was given to India. While control over three western rivers — Indus, Jhelum and Chenab was given to Pakistan.
- It allows India to use only 20% of the water of Indus river, which flows through it first, for irrigation, power generation and transport.
Most disagreements and disputes have been settled via legal procedures, provided for within the framework of the treaty.
- The treaty has survived India-Pakistan wars of 1965, 1971 and the 1999 Kargil standoff besides Kashmir insurgency since 1990. It is most successful water treaty in world.