Inequality Current Affairs - 2019

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October 24: UN Day

The UN Day marks the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945. However, the day is being commemorated since 1948. In 1971, UN recommended that the day be observed as public holiday by member nations.

Next year, October 24, 2020 UN completes its journey of successful 75 years. In order mark the anniversary, UN has launched “UN75: 2020 and Beyond-Shaping our future together”. The celebrations are being begun this year. Throughout the year, UN will hold meetings with nations and will invite them to participate in its collective action to realize peace, development and human rights for all.

Highlights

  • From January 2020, UN will hold dialogues around the world.
  • It will work towards the aim of reaching global public, listen to their hopes and fears and learn from their experiences.
  • UN75 will undertake global opinion polling, internet analysis to collate robust, representative and comparative data.
  • It will also collect video and audio recordings with testimonials from people who have participated in illustrating people’s views and ideas.

Need of the commemoration

In many countries public trust in traditional institutions are declining. The relations between the countries are under strain. Apart from this, tackling issues like climate crisis, new patterns of violence, inequality, major changes in population and technology requires cooperation across borders, sectors and generations.

The SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) help solve above solutions. As an international organization, it is essential for the United Nations to bring the world together to achieve this.

2019 UNDP Human Development Report to focus on Inequality

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) which publishes the Human Development Report (HDR), will release the HDR 2019 with its focus on inequality. The report would be released around the last quarter of the year.

HDR 2019 and Inequality

  • HDR 2019 will provide a comprehensive picture of the many forms of inequality that are shaping the 21st century.
  • The report will use a framework that looks beyond income and considers inequalities in health, education, tech and exposure to economic and climate-related shock and will look beyond averages to paint a more accurate and timely picture of the state of inequality.
  • HDR 2019 will also seek to look beyond today by taking a long-term view of inequality and by identifying trends and making projections.

UNDP has acknowledged that today’s world remains deeply unfair. The life and prospects faced by a newborn in a poor country or in a poor household are radically different from those of wealthier children. In all societies, long-standing forms of inequality persist while gaps are opening in new aspects of life.

The world is witnessing both convergence and divergence in human development. For example, in many countries gaps have closed for example in access to primary education. But differences between children in poor and wealthy households are widening in both early childhood and quality of education. These inequalities will have lifetime consequences, especially due to the rapid technological changes which are likely to impact labour markets. This is just one example of why UNDP’s analysis of inequality will go beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today in HDR 2019.