Inflation Current Affairs

RBI’s first bimonthly policy FY 2018-19: Policy rates unchanged

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its first bimonthly policy review for financial year 2018-19 has decided to maintain status quo in policy rates by keeping repo rate unchanged at 6.0%.  This decision was taken by RBI’s six member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) headed by RBI Governor Urjit Patel.

Key Highlights of 1st Bi-monthly policy

The MPC in its first bimonthly policy review  for FY 19 voted 5-1 in favour of leaving the Repo rate unchanged. It is fourth time in a row RBI has unchanged repo rate, the rate at which RBI lends funds to banks.

Inflation Projection: RBI has remained cautious on continuing inflation risks. The consumer inflation for FY19 was projected to 4.7-5.1% in the first half of FY19 and 4.4% in second half as against forecast of 5.1-5.6% and 4.5-4.6%, respectively, in the last policy review.

RBI has flagged concerns about absence of more clarity on minimum support prices, monsoon outturn, volatility of crude prices and impact of state government-led house rent allowance increases. Further, in case there is any further fiscal slippage from Budget Estimates for 2018-19 it could adversely impact outlook on inflation

Growth Projections: RBI shifted projecting GDP (gross domestic product) as against GVA (gross value added) growth earlier. It sees GDP growth strengthening to 7.4% in FY19 from 6.6% in FY18 with growth at 7.3-7.4% in the first half and 7.3-7.6% in second half with risks evenly balanced. It also suggested that output gap is closing but downside risks on global trade protectionism, market volatility and weak domestic public finances exists.

Policy Rates

Repo rate: It was unchanged at 6%. It is rate at which RBI lends to its clients generally against government securities.

Reverse Repo Rate: It was unchanged at 5.75%. It is rate at which banks lend funds to RBI.

Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate: It was unchanged at 6.25%. It is rate at which scheduled banks can borrow funds overnight from RBI against government securities. It is very short term borrowing scheme for scheduled banks.

Bank Rate: It was unchanged at 6.25%. It is rate charged by central bank for lending funds to commercial banks. Higher bank rate will translate to higher lending rates by banks. It influences lending rates of commercial banks.

Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR): It was unchanged at 4%. It is amount of funds that banks have to keep with RBI. The RBI uses CRR to drain out excessive money from system.

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR): It was unchanged at 19.5%. It is amount that banks have to maintain a stipulated proportion of their net demand and time liabilities (NDTL) in form of liquid assets like cash, gold and unencumbered securities, treasury bills, dated securities etc.

Tags:

RBI keeps repo rate unchanged at 6%

The six member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to maintain status quo in policy rates by keeping repo rate unchanged at 6.0% under liquidity adjustment facility. It was RBI’s fourth bimonthly policy review for financial year 2017-18.

The decision of MPC was consistent with neutral stance of monetary policy in consonance with objective of achieving medium-term inflation target of 4% within a band of +/- 2%, while supporting growth.

Policy Rates

Repo rate: It is rate at which RBI lends to its clients generally against government securities. It was unchanged at 6%.

Reverse Repo Rate: It is rate at which banks lend funds to RBI. It was unchanged at 5.75%.

Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate: It is rate at which scheduled banks can borrow funds overnight from RBI against government securities. It is very short term borrowing scheme for scheduled banks. It was unchanged at 6.25%.

Bank Rate: It is rate charged by central bank for lending funds to commercial banks. It was unchanged 6.25%. It influences lending rates of commercial banks. Higher bank rate will translate to higher lending rates by banks.

Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR): It is amount of funds that banks have to keep with RBI. It was unchanged at 4%. The RBI uses CRR to drain out excessive money from system.

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR): It was changed to 19.5% from 20%. It is amount that banks have to maintain a stipulated proportion of their net demand and time liabilities (NDTL) in form of liquid assets like cash, gold and unencumbered securities, treasury bills, dated securities etc.

Key Highlights of 4th bi-monthly policy

RBI has indicated rise in inflation and is expected to rise from its current level and range between 4.2-4.6% in second half of this year. It also has indicated a fall in GVA (Gross Value Addition) growth rate. The projection of real GVA growth for 2017-18 has been revised down to 6.7% from August 2017 projection of 7.3%.

According to RBI, various structural reforms introduced in recent period will likely be growth augmenting over medium- to long-term by improving business environment, enhancing transparency and increasing formalisation of economy.

Tags:

Advertisement

12