Infrastructure Current Affairs - 2020

India’s first COVID-19 dedicated hospital set up by Reliance India in Mumbai with Negative Room Pressure

On March 23, 2020, Reliance had set up the first hospital of India that will operate exclusively to treat Corona Virus patients.


The Reliance Group of Companies in collaboration with Brihanmumbai Municipal corporation has set up a COVID-19 Centre at the Seven Hills Hospital in Mumbai. The centre is completely supported by Reliance Foundation. It has all required infrastructure including a negative pressure room. The Negative Room Pressure technology is used to isolate patients.

Negative Pressure Room

The Negative Pressure Room is a technique in medical centres that prevent cross-contamination. This allows air to flow into the room and prevents air from escaping out of the room.

In this technique, air is allowed to flow inside the room through a small gap under the door. The air in some cases are filtered using UV radiation or chemical means before being sent out.

How is the pressure determined in the technology?

Smoke test is used to determine negative pressure. A tube with smoke is held at the bottom of the negative pressure room door. The direction of travel of the smoke helps to determine the working of the system. If the smoke travels outwards, the room is not in negative pressure.

Facts Box: Major Port at Vadhvan, Maharashtra

The Union Cabinet recently approved the proposal to set up major port at Vadhvan in Maharashtra. The GoI has sanctioned Rs 65,545 crores for the project.


The port is being set up to achieve GoI target of developing infrastructure projects of worth 100 lakh crore rupees. The port will handle 16,000 to 25,000 TEUs per day. A Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) is to be in association with Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust is to be fromed.

The SPV will establish connectivity, construct breakwater and develop other port infrastructure. Breakwater is an artificial structure constructed to protect the harbor from the effect of waves. It provides safe berthing.

What is special about Vadhvan Port?

The Mundra port and JNPT port are the two largest container handling ports in India. They have drafts of 16 metres and 15 metres respectively. The Vadhvan port has a natural port of 20 metres. This makes it ideal to handle bigger vessels.