Intellectual Property Current Affairs - 2020
The National Science and Technology Management Information (NSTMIS) has conducted a survey on Research and Development Statistics and Indicators 2019-20.
The report says that India ranks 3rd globally in the scientific publication. The first two ranks were occupied by USA and China. The gross expenditure on Research and Development in the country has tripled between 2008 and 2018. It was Rs 39,437 crores in 2008 and increased to Rs 1,13,825 crores in 2018.
Key Findings of the report
- The report says that the two main contributors were Department of Science and Technology and Department of Biotechnology. The DST contributes 63% of R and D support and the DBT contributes 14%.
- The women participation in the R&D field has increased from 13% to 24%.
- Around 5.52 lakh personnel are working in R&D establishments as on April 2018.
- In terms of Resident Patent Filing India was ranked 9th in the world. India’s Patent Office ranked seventh in the world.
- The number of researchers per million has doubled in India since 2000.
- According to the report, India is currently spending 185 USD per researcher and is ahead of Russia, Hungary, Israel, UK and Spain in this spending.
The report is important for policy making, planning higher education, industrial competitiveness and intellectual property.
Tags: Department of Biotechnology (DBT) • Department of Science and Technology (DST) • DST • Intellectual Property • Patent
The United States of America has placed India on the “Priority Watch List” due to lack of measurable improvements in intellectual property framework.
Along with India, the US has placed 10 countries including China in the list. The US has taken the step alleging that intellectual properties and their enforcements have deteriorated equitable market access for Americans in these countries. The other countries placed on the list include Argentina, Algeria, Chile, Russia, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Ukraine.
The countries that were removed from the list included Canada, Kuwait and Thailand.
Why is India placed on the list?
According to the US, the IP challenges in India makes it difficult for the US businessmen to receive, maintain and enforce patents in the country. This is high mainly in pharmaceutical industries. The US also complains that India has restricted transparency in state issued pharmaceutical manufacturing licenses.
Apart from pharmaceuticals, there were issues in the Indian system in agricultural chemical products as well according the US. The issues include trade secret theft, online piracy, obstacles to protect trademarks, export of counterfeit goods, high-volume manufacturing.
According to World Intellectual Property Right Organization, the Intellectual Property is the creation of literary and artistic works, symbols, names, images. The four main intellectual property rights include inventions, geographic indications, trademarks and industrial designs.