Intercaste Current Affairs - 2020

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PM Modi pays tribute to Savitribai Phule on her birthday

On January 3, 2020, PM Narendra Modi paid his tribute to the Indian Social Reformer Savitribai Phule. She was born on January 3, 1831.

Savitribai Phule

Savitribai is considered as the first female teacher of India. She played vital role in improving women rights in the country. She is also regarded as “Mother of Indian Feminism”. She along with her husband Jyotirao Phule founded the first India’s girls’ school in Pune in 1848.

She worked hard to abolish gender discrimination and caste discrimination. She was a prolific Marathi writer.

Some of her literary works include Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar, Kavya Phule, Go Get Education.

Establishments

Savitribai Phule set up “Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha”. That works to prevent female infanticides, killing of pregnant rape victims and widows. She along with her husband also founded Satyashodhak Samaj that supported inter-caste marriages.

Legacies

A memorial was created for Phule by the Pune City Corporation in 1983. In 2015, The Union Government renamed University of Pune as Savitribai Phule Pune University. In 1998, a stamp was released in honor of Phule.

Born in lower caste, she is now considered as an icon along with Ambedkar and Annabhau Sathe.

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Rajasthan Assembly passes Bills against honour killing

Rajasthan Assembly passes Bill against honour killing, titled Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019. It makes honour killing punishable by death penalty or life imprisonment. This Bill was passed after making a few amendments on basis of suggestions given by some MLAs during discussion.

Chief Minister of Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot had announced enactment of laws against mob lynching and honour killing while replying to debate on  State budget 2019-20 on July 16.

Background

In name of vindicating honour of family/caste/community, there has been increase in illegal intimidation by self-appointed bodies for bringing pressure against Sagotra marriages (Marriages within gotra)/inter-community/inter-caste/inter-religious marriages between two consenting adults.

In many cases such bodies tend towards incitement of violence and such newly-married couple or those person who desire of getting married are subjected to intimidation and violence even when such violence is an offence under Indian Penal Code (IPC), it is necessary to prevent assemblies which take place to condemn such matrimonial alliances as also to punish such acts of violence and criminal intimidation severely.

Key Features of Bill

Punishment: Bill makes Honour Killing offence cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offences. It has laid down death penalty/life sentence and a fine up to Rs.5 lakh for killing a couple or either of them on basis that their marriage had dishonoured or brought disrepute to caste/community/family.

Ostracisation: Bill holds accountable those who indulge in ostracisation of such a couple or their family. This also includes pressurising them to leave village or dispossessing them of their land or property or imposing a fine on them.

Definition of Unlawful Assembly: It is a congregation of people whose intention is to deliberate on, or condemning any marriage (not prohibited by law) on basis that such marriage has dishonoured caste/ community tradition or has brought disrepute to all or any of persons forming part of assembly/family/people of locality concerned.

In Bill “assemble”, “congregate” or “gather” includes acting in concert with use of any technological means/medium, since such proposed actions are propagated on social media.

Assembly Penalty: Members of such assembly shall be punishable with imprisonment between 6 months to 5 years and fine up to Rs.1 lakh. Endangering liberty of such a couple or their supporters shall be punished with 2-5 years and fine up to Rs 1 lakh. Bill also proposes punishment up to 7 years for criminal intimidation.

Punishment based on  Level of Hurt:

For causing simple hurt- is 3-5 year imprisonment and fine up to Rs 2 lakh.

For causing grievous hurt- a minimum of 10 year imprisonment that may extend to life imprisonment, as well as fine up to Rs.3 lakh.

For causing death of such a couple/either of them- Convict may be punished with death, imprisonment for life, which shall mean imprisonment for remainder of that person’s natural life and with fine up to Rs 5 lakh.

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