Internaitonal Current Affairs

International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition: 23 August

The International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition was observed across world every year on 23 August. The day designated by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to memorialize the transatlantic slave trade.

Observance of this day marks anniversary of 1791 insurrection of enslaved men and women in western part of island of Santo Domingo, which is now known as Haiti. These men and women torn from Africa and sold into slavery had revolted against the slave system. This Haitian Revolution had led to their freedom and independence in 1804. This Haitian Revolution had led to their freedom and independence in 1804. This uprising was turning point in human history.

Background

International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition was proclaimed by UNESCO Executive Board by adopting resolution 29 C/40 by its General Conference at its 29th session. The Day was first celebrated in number of countries, particularly in Haiti on in 1998 and in Senegal in 1999.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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NASA’s Juno spacecraft completes fourth flyby of Jupiter

NASA’s solar-powered Juno spacecraft completed closest flyby of Jupiter mysterious cloud tops for the fourth time. All eight of Juno’s science instruments were switched on during the flyby.

During its closest approach it was roughly 4,300 km above Jupiter’s cloud tops and travelled at a speed of about 208,000 kmph. Currently, Juno is locked in a 53-day orbit around Jupiter.

It is expected to perform three dozen flybys over the next one and a half years. During its flybys, Juno probes beneath the cloud cover of Jupiter and studies Jupiter’s auroras to learn more about its origins, structure, atmosphere and magnetosphere

About Juno spacecraft

  • Juno was launched in August 2011 to study Jupiter’s composition and evolution. It’s the first solar power spacecraft to orbit Jupiter and second after Galileo.
  • The unmanned spacecraft had successfully entered Jupiter’s orbit in July 2016 after a five year journey and traversing distance of nearly 2 billion miles.
  • The primary goals of the mission are to find out whether Jupiter has a solid core, how its atmosphere and magnetosphere formed, and whether there is water in the gas cloud shrouding the planet.
  • The information gathered from it will provide vital clues to how the planet formed and evolved, but also to how the solar system we live in came into existence.
  • The spacecraft has been named after the Roman goddess Juno, the wife of Jupiter who is considered as the god of the sky in ancient Greco-Roman mythology.

For more information: Juno Spacecraft

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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