Internal Conflicts Current Affairs - 2020

Hezbollah classified as Terrorist Organization by Germany

On April 30, 2020, Germany classified the organization Hezbollah as a terrorist organization in its soil. According to an early morning operation conducted by the German police, more than 1,000 people in Germany belong to the Hezbollah extremist wing.

Hezbollah

The Hezbollah is a Shia Islamist political party that is based in Lebanon. The organization was founded by the Iranian effort in 1980s to aggregate Lebanese Shia groups. In the on-going Iran-Israel conflicts, Hezbollah acts as a proxy for Iran.

Foundation

In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon and occupied a strip of south Lebanon. Hezbollah was then founded by the Muslim clerics in the region and was funded by Iran to harass Israeli occupation.

Iran-Israel proxy war

The conflict between Iran and Israel is a political struggle of Iran to dissolve the Jewish state, Israel. It emerged from Iran’s hostility towards Israel during Iranian Revolution in 1979. It then increased with Iranian support to Hezbollah during South Lebanon conflict.

Hezbollah manifesto

In 1985, Hezbollah created a manifesto that listed to expel the French, Americans and all their allies putting an end to the colonial rule.

United Nations

The United Nations Security Council operating for world peace, had disbanded and disarmed all the Lebanese militia. However, the organization has not yet made a decision over the Hezbollah group.

GRID 2020 report: Over 5 million displaced in India in 2019

The Global Report on Internal Displacement, GRID 2020 released by Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, IDMC said that over 5 million people have displaced in India in 2019. According to the report, this is the highest in the world.

Highlights: World

According to the report, around 33.4 million people faced displacements in the world due to conflicts and disasters. They are spread in 145 countries. In 2019, around 75% of the disasters were triggered by disasters. Out of these, 95% were due to weather hazards such as floods and storms.

The disasters were dominant in the regions such as East Asia, South Asia and Pacific. Of all, India, China, Bangladesh and Philippines each recorded more than 4 million displacements in 2019.

Highlights: India

According to the report, social and economic vulnerability, hazard intensity and high population were the major reasons for the displacement. The report says that 2.6 million people in India suffered displacement due to south west monsoon. Around 19,000 faced displacement in the country due to conflicts. They were mainly high in the regions of West Bengal and Tripura.

Solutions

The report demands greater political support. It also suggests increased investment in development sectors and humanitarian sectors.