Internal Security Current Affairs - 2020

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March 4: National Security Day

On March 4, 2020, the Rashtriya Suraksha Diwas or National Security Day was celebrated throughout India. The Day is celebrated to honour the work of Indian Security Forces. This includes every security personnel, policemen, para military forces, guards, commandos, army officers, etc.

Highlights

The National Security Day is celebrated to promote and increase security forces. The Day reminds the citizens about their fundamental duties towards the country. Above all, the day pays homage to the security jawans who lost their lives for the country.

The Security Personnel are responsible for different types of security such as political, ecological, economic, computer, infrastructure, energy and natural resources.

Why March 4th?

The National Security Days is being observed on March 4 every year because, the National Security Council was established on the very same day

National Security Council

The Security Council looks into the economic, political and strategic security concerns of India. It was established in 1998 by the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

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NCRB report on women and child trafficking: Mumbai and Kolkata highest

In 2011, the Supreme Court had constituted a panel to submit its report on children and women trafficking. The panel submitted its report in 2019. It had recommended NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) to compile data on missing children and women trafficking. The key findings of the report prepared by NCRB is as follows

Findings

The report says that the common causes of trafficking are sexual exploitation, child labour and domestic help. Mumbai and Kolkata reported maximum number of trafficking.

Maharashtra reported the maximum number of missing women and Madhya Pradesh reported maximum number of cases of missing children. Of all the states, Odisha reported maximum rise in missing women cases. The percentage of increase in Odisha was around 143% in 2018 as compared to the previous year. The report also quoted data from United Nations.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The UNODC Global Report, 2018, reported that the 35% of victims trafficked were for forced labour. Also, more than half of the reported cases were females.

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