Internal Security Current Affairs

Saathi: CRPF launches mobile help centre for Amarnath Yatra pilgrims

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has launched Saathi, a mobile help centre to reach out to people undertaking annual pilgrimage to 3,880-metre high holy cave shrine of Amarnath. It will provide help and information to yatris staying in camps outside the Bhagwati Nagar base camp in Jammu. This will be in addition to security provided by CRPF to the yatra routes.

Key Facts

CRPF personnel of Saathi mobile help centre will be visiting various camps in Jammu and apprise pilgrims about security measures to be kept in mind. They will provide other relevant information to yatris.  In addition, they will also provide first aid treatment to people in need and would also be distributing medicines.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India with total 246 Battalions. It functions under Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence, it was made statutory police force after enactment of CRPF Act, 1949.

Its mission is to enable government to maintain rule of law, public order and internal security effectively and efficiently, preserve national integrity and promote social harmony and development by upholding supremacy of the Constitution.

Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain the insurgency. Apart from anti-Naxal operations, CRPF personnel also carries out several operations in situations of crisis like terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism operations, rescuing citizens during terrorist attacks among others.

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Government bans two affiliates of al Qaeda and IS under UAPA

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has banned al Qaeda in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) and Islamic State in Khorasan Province (ISKP) under anti-terror law, Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967. AQIS is an affiliate of al Qaeda and ISKP is Afghanistan wing of Islamic State (IS).

Key Facts

al Qaeda in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS): It is terrorist organisation, which has committed acts of terrorism in India’s neighbouring countries. It has been promoting and encouraging terrorist acts on Indian interests in Indian sub-continent. It has been attempting radicalisation and recruitment of youth from India. It has been pushing several provocative messages on social media platforms. It was created in August 2014 and is led by an Indian, Maulana Asim Umar, who was later identified as Uttar Pradesh resident Sanaul Haq.

Islamic State in Khorasan Province (ISKP): It promotes and encourages terrorism in Indian sub-continent. It has been committing terrorist acts to consolidate its position by recruiting youth for global jihad and to achieve objective of establishing its own caliphate by overthrowing democratically elected governments. It considers India and Indian interests as its targets and is engaged in radicalising and recruiting Indian youth for terrorist activities. ISKP came into existence in 2015 and mainly comprises defectors from Tehrik-i-Taliban (TTP).

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967

UAPA is anti-terrorist law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Its main objective is to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against integrity and sovereignty of India. It bans certain terrorist associations, punishes membership and association with such organizations and punishes terrorist activities. The law been legislated to impose reasonable restrictions in interests of sovereignty and integrity of India on exercise of freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably without arms and to form associations.

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