International Current Affairs - 2020

What is COVID Toe?

The British Journal of Dermatology Researchers have so far observed 5 clinical patterns of the COVID-19 cases. One such is COVID Toe. COVID Toe is a kind of rash that is being developed in COVID-19 patients.

COVID Toe

According to the study, COVID Toe was observed in 19% of patients infected with COVID-19. The dermatologists call the red rashes as Pseudo-Chilblain lesions. They are small red and itchy patches that occur on the fingers and toes when exposed to cold.

Chilblains

Chilblains occur due to inflammation of blood vessels and response to repeated exposure of cold air. It usually goes away in one or three weeks. However, this was not the case with Chilblains like patches due to COVID-19.

Five Clinical Patterns Observed

According to the study, five clinical patterns were observed in patients with COVID-19 infection. They are as follows

  • Small blisters on the limbs and trunks were found on 9% of COVID-19 patients. It was more among middle aged patients
  • White of pink skin that looked like nettle rashes were observed in 19% of patients
  • Maculopapules were found in more than 47% of patients. Maculopapules are small, raised and flat red bumps that were common in patients with severe infections.
  • Livedo occurred in 6% of patients. Livedo is condition where the skin looked blotchy red or blue. It has signs of poor circulation of blood.

7 December: International Civil Aviation Day

The International Civil Aviation Day is observed every year on 7 December across the world to generate and reinforce worldwide awareness of importance of international civil aviation to social and economic development.

It also seeks to highlight unique role of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in helping member states to cooperate and realize a truly global rapid transit network at the service of all mankind.

Background

The International Civil Aviation Day was established in 1994 as part of ICAO’s 50th anniversary activities. It was officially recognised in the UN system by the UN General Assembly in 1996. On this day in 1944, participants from 54 nations gathered in Chicago, US had signed Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known more popularly as the ‘Chicago Convention’. Since then, the defining international agreement has permitted global civil aviation system to develop peacefully, in manner benefitting all nations across the world.